Kinesthesia

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Related to kinesthetic: kinesthetic sense, kinesthetic awareness

Kinesthesia

 

(also kinesthesis, proprioreception, muscle sense), the ability of man and animals to perceive and evaluate change in the relative positions and in the movements of the parts of the body.

N. M. Sechenov was the first to study the relationship between information about the position in space of various parts of the body and the degree of contraction of each muscle, on the one hand, and movement regulation and learning about the environment, on the other. He referred to kinesthesia as the “dark muscle sense.” During the contraction and stretching of muscles, nerve impulses arising in the kinesthetic receptors (muscle spindles, Golgi apparatus, and possibly the pacinian corpuscles) reach the central nervous system via sensory nerve fibers. The set of peripheral and central nervous formations participating in the analysis of this information was called the motor analyzer by I. P. Pavlov. The perfection and delicacy of coordination of motor reactions, such as locomotion in man and animals, are attributable to the steady accumulation throughout life of constantly regenerated connections between the neurons of the motor analyzer and those of the other analyzers (visual, acoustic, and so forth).

Kinesthesia plays an important role in the development of perceptions because it serves as the basis for control of all the other sense organs. Thus, visual appraisal of the distance of an object as it is approached is mediated by muscle sense.

O. M. BENIUMOV

References in periodicals archive ?
A fun game for beginners to check their kinesthetic and audio memory is the "ping pong" game.
Visual-numerical was the faculty's primary major learning style (100%) with kinesthetic (40%) identified as the secondary major learning style.
Kinesthetics understand ideas more quickly by feeling.
This recursive approach, which involves prewriting, drafting, revising, and editing one's work, may privilege those who prefer to learn via reading and writing, rather than those whose preferred learning style is visual, auditory, or kinesthetic.
17) in the visual and kinesthetic modalities respectively.
In table 1 we present the descritive statistics of the results obtained for each studied learning style: visual, auditory and kinesthetic.
For example, if a student selects 8 read/write answers, 2 visual answers, 4 aural answers and 2 kinesthetic answers, the student would be viewed as having a read/write learning preference.
In my experience, exercises to improve motor coordination and kinesthetic feedback may help a pupil to develop a more unified strategy (i.
And yet the sneaker does not step out into a total void: A second white panel functions as a backdrop that gives the shoe its almost sculptural presence in spite of its total flatness, creating a set of disconnected spaces that cannot be easily assimilated within the ordinary world of kinesthetic and perceptual experience.
Students who twirl their pens and tap their feet are kinesthetic learners who perform better with movement.
They found that the most library anxiety was found in the students with these characteristics: high in motivation and low in persistence, those who preferred structured approach to learning, those who preferred working with peers to working alone, those who preferred visual learning over tactile or kinesthetic learning styles, those who require mobility in learning environments, and those who preferred not to undertake difficult tasks in the afternoon.
In the CD, they then meet Visual Vic, Auditory Alice, and Kinesthetic Ken, struggling students who visit Dr.