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kinetic art,term referring to sculptured works that include motion as a significant dimension. The form was pioneered by Marcel DuchampDuchamp, Marcel
, 1887–1968, French painter, brother of Raymond Duchamp-Villon and half-brother of Jacques Villon. Duchamp is noted for his cubist-futurist painting Nude Descending a Staircase,
..... Click the link for more information. , Naum GaboGabo, Naum
, 1890–1977, Russian sculptor, architect, theorist, and teacher, brother of Antoine Pevsner. Gabo lived in Munich and Norway until the end of the revolution, when he returned to Russia.
..... Click the link for more information. , and Alexander CalderCalder, Alexander
, 1898–1976, American sculptor, b. Philadelphia; son of a prominent sculptor, Alexander Stirling Calder. Among the most innovative modern sculptors, Calder was trained as a mechanical engineer.
..... Click the link for more information. . Kinetic art is either nonmechanical, e.g., Calder's mobilesmobile
, a type of moving sculptural artwork developed by Alexander Calder in 1932 and named by Marcel Duchamp. Often constructed of colored metal pieces connected by wires or rods, the mobile has moving parts that are sensitive to a breeze or light touch; it can be designed to
..... Click the link for more information. , or mechanical, e.g., works by Gabo, László Moholy-NagyMoholy-Nagy, László
, 1895–1946, Hungarian painter, designer, and experimental photographer. He turned to art after studying law. While living in Berlin he was one of the founders of constructivism, experimenting with photograms and translucent materials.
..... Click the link for more information. , and Jean TinguelyTinguely, Jean
, 1925–91, Swiss artist. Tinguely is best known for his "metamechanics," electromechanical sculptures that perform tasks such as painting or playing music.
..... Click the link for more information. . The latter sort of kineticism developed in response to an increasingly technological culture.
kinetic art[kə′ned·ik ′ärt]
The use of material objects in motion to produce an artistic effect.
art, esp sculpture, that moves or has moving parts