kingdom


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Related to kingdom: Kingdom of God, phylum

kingdom,

in taxonomy: see classificationclassification,
in biology, the systematic categorization of organisms into a coherent scheme. The original purpose of biological classification, or systematics, was to organize the vast number of known plants and animals into categories that could be named, remembered, and
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.

Kingdom

 

one of the highest taxonomic categories in the system of the organic world. Since the time of Aristotle, all living organisms have conventionally been divided into two kingdoms: the plant kingdom and the animal kingdom.

A new classification system has been widely accepted since the mid-20th century. All organisms lacking a true cell nucleus make up the kingdom, or according to some biologists, the superkingdom Prokaryota. Organisms with a true nucleus are classified in the kingdom or superkingdom Eukaryota. There are four kingdoms, if both Prokaryota and Eukaryota are to be regarded as superkingdoms. Prokaryotes include the single kingdom Schizophyta, which has two subkingdoms—bacteria and blue-green algae. Eukaryotes include the plant kingdom, with its two subkingdoms of lower plants and higher plants; the fungi kingdom, with its two subkingdoms of lower fungi and higher fungi; and the animal kingdom, with its two subkingdoms of protozoans and multicellular animals. This classification system is substantiated from an evolutionary point of view.

In floristic regionalization, the floristic kingdom, or region, is the highest category.


Kingdom

 

(according to Roman tradition, 753–509 B.C.), the designation accepted in historical literature for the early period in the history of Rome. During this period Rome was ruled consecutively by seven kings: Romulus, Numa Pompilius, Tullus Hostilius, Ancus Martius, Tarquinius Priscus, Servius Tullius, and Tarquinius Superbus. The last king was exiled by the Romans in 509 B.C., after which the republican form of government was established.

kingdom

[′kiŋ·dəm]
(systematics)
One of the primary divisions that include all living organisms: most authorities recognize two, the animal kingdom and the plant kingdom, while others recognize three or more, such as Protista, Plantae, Animalia, and Mycota.

kingdom

1. a territory, state, people, or community ruled or reigned over by a king or queen
2. Biology any of the major categories into which living organisms of the domain Eukarya are classified. Modern systems recognize four kingdoms: Protoctista (algae, protozoans, etc.), Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia
3. Theol the eternal sovereignty of God
References in classic literature ?
The occasion was this: the kingdom is much pestered with flies in summer; and these odious insects, each of them as big as a Dunstable lark, hardly gave me any rest while I sat at dinner, with their continual humming and buzzing about mine ears.
The blacks here are not ugly like those of the kingdoms I have spoken of, but have better features, and are not without wit and delicacy; their apprehension is quick, and their judgment sound.
that was the reason (as all men know, In this kingdom by the sea) That the wind came out of the cloud, chilling And killing my ANNABEL LEE.
But be the workmen what they may be, let us speak of the work; that is, the true greatness of kingdoms and estates, and the means thereof.
To conclude: no man can by care taking (as the Scripture saith) add a cubit to his stature, in this little model of a man's body; but in the great frame of kingdoms and commonwealths, it is in the power of princes or estates, to add amplitude and greatness to their kingdoms; for by introducing such ordinances, constitutions, and customs, as we have now touched, they may sow greatness to their posterity and succession.
Their brother, however, was greatly rejoiced to see them, and told them all that had happened to him; how he had found the Water of Life, and had taken a cup full of it; and how he had set a beautiful princess free from a spell that bound her; and how she had engaged to wait a whole year, and then to marry him, and to give him the kingdom.
But I wish you may have success in your undertaking, for I am heartily tired of ruling this stupid kingdom, and I need more leisure in which to admire my beautiful heads.
It is a familiar story how Alfred, king from 871 to 901 of the southern kingdom of Wessex
Or, described in Christian language, the kingdom of God is within, and yet develops into a Church or external kingdom; "the house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens," is reduced to the proportions of an earthly building.
He then went back to his own little kingdom, and shut the door of his palace in her face.
But we do not at all want to enter into the kingdom of heaven: we have become men,--SO WE WANT THE KINGDOM OF EARTH.
He had to smile at that; but in extenuation of his act he assured me that it was quite customary for prime ministers to give their personal attention to the building of imperial navies; "and this," he said, "is the imperial navy of his Serene Highness, David I, Emperor of the Federated Kingdoms of Pellucidar.