kwashiorkor


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Related to kwashiorkor: marasmic kwashiorkor

kwashiorkor

(kwăsh'ēôr`kôr), protein deficiency disorder of children. It is prevalent in overpopulated parts of the world where the diet consists mainly of starchy vegetables, particularly in sections of Africa, Central and South America, and S Asia. Such a diet, although adequate in calories, is deficient in certain amino acids, the constituents of proteinsprotein,
any of the group of highly complex organic compounds found in all living cells and comprising the most abundant class of all biological molecules. Protein comprises approximately 50% of cellular dry weight.
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 vital for growth. The nursing infant gets the required amino acids from the mother's milk. But the weaned child, who receives neither milk nor meat, is likely to develop kwashiorkor. The most striking manifestations of the disease are a swollen and severely bloated abdomen, resulting from decreased albumin in the blood, and various skin changes resulting in a reddish discoloration of the hair and skin in black African children. Other symptoms include severe diarrhea, enlarged fatty liver, atrophy of muscles and glands, mental apathy, and generally retarded development. Kwashiorkor is treated by adding proteins to the diet, usually in the form of dried milk.

Kwashiorkor

 

a special type of severe dystrophy that develops in young children with a diet deficient in protein.

Kwashiorkor is found in the tropics and subtropics (Central and South America, Africa, India). It appears most often once the children are weaned and are transferred to a vegetable diet consisting principally of carbohydrates. The development of the condition may be fostered by infection (tuberculosis, malaria, helminthic diseases), difficult living conditions, and a low standard of living. Kwashiorkor leads to a significant retardation of physical development. The skin becomes dry and scaly. It takes on a reddish tint, and cracks and ulcers may appear. The hair becomes lighter in color and falls out easily. There is a loss of subcutaneous adipose tissue and the muscles are atrophic. Dental caries develop. Edema is often observed. There is a loss of appetite and abdominal distention, and vomiting and diarrhea are frequent. Patients become irritable and apathetic. The course of the condition may be complicated by pneumonia and a decrease in the hemoglobin content of the blood.

Treatment of kwashiorkor involves proper diet and vitamin therapy and blood and plasma transfusions. The condition can be prevented by a balanced diet, a raised standard of living, and the improvement of general medical care.

N. D. MIKERINA

kwashiorkor

[¦kwä·shē¦ȯr·kər]
(medicine)
A nutritional deficiency disease in infants and young children, mainly in the tropics, caused primarily by a diet low in proteins and rich in carbohydrates. Also known as nutritional dystrophy.

kwashiorkor

severe malnutrition of infants and young children, esp soon after weaning, resulting from dietary deficiency of protein
References in periodicals archive ?
Marasmic SAM patients who were discharged remained on treatment for longer periods compared with those who were classified as having kwashiorkor or marasmic kwashiorkor.
El tipo de Desnutricion Grave (marasmo, kwashiorkor o mixta) se determino segun el score de McLaren y col.
En el presente trabajo se comparo la respuesta inflamatoria entre ninos con desnutricion aguda grave tipo marasmo y kwashiorkor, y ninos eutroficos con y sin anemia (grupos control), mediante la medicion de los niveles de proteina C reactiva (PCR) y de las citocinas pro-inflamatorias IL-8, IL-1a, IL-6, IL-10, TNF[alfa]e IL-12.
Palabras clave: Marasmo, kwashiorkor, malnutricion, cultura, etnografia, etnomedicina
el kwashiorkor de Tanya: el abdomen de la criatura empezo a abultarse y los brazos y piernas a adelgazarse; le aparecieron escamas en la piel y se sintio muy debil.
The purpose of this discussion is to present descriptive and graphic findings about the role of Ghanaian grandmothers in the survival of grandchildren diagnosed with Kwashiorkor (severe protein malnutrition).
In addition, increased exposure to UV-B rays may aggravate the effects of such nutritional deficiency diseases as kwashiorkor and pellagra, infectious diseases like herpes simplex, and such autoimmune disorders as lupus erythematosus.
She reminded him that his children had been on a staple diet of ugali and vegetables for the last three months and their stomachs were distended with symptoms of kwashiorkor.
Pooled data revealed that the proportion with marasmus and kwashiorkor was similar (38% and 40%, respectively), whereas only 22% were classified as marasmus-kwashiorkor (Table 1).
Many of them remain deficient in energy and protein ( Kwashiorkor ), in vitamins like vitamin C ( Scurvy), vitamin B1 ( Beriberi ), vitamin D ( Rickets), Vitamin B3 or nicotinic acid or it's precursor tryptophan in the diet ( Pellagra ) and minerals like iron ( anaemic), calcium ( osteoporosis), sodium ( hyponatraemia), potassium ( hypocalcaemia) and lithium ( mental disorder) .