lacquer

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lacquer,

solution of film-forming materials, natural or synthetic, usually applied as an ornamental or protective coating. Quick-drying synthetic lacquers are used to coat automobiles, furniture, textiles, paper, and metalware. The lacquer formula may be varied to impart durability, hardness, gloss, or imperviousness to water. Nitrocellulose (pyroxylin) lacquers are the most widely employed. Slower-drying natural lacquers contain oleoresins obtained from the juice of trees, especially of Rhus vernicifera, a sumac of SE Asia. Lacquer work was one of the earliest industrial arts of Asia. It was highly developed in India; the Chinese inlaid lacquer work with ivory, jade, coral, or abalone and were unrivaled in making articles carved from it. The art spread to Korea, then to Japan, where it took new forms, notably gold lacquer work. Fine Asian ware may have more than 40 coats, each being dried and smoothed with a whetstone before application of the next. The ware may be decorated in color, gold, or silver and enhanced by modeled reliefs, engraving, or carving. Buddhist monasteries encouraged the art and now preserve some of the oldest pieces extant; in the temple of Horyu-ji, near Nara, Japan, is a Chinese-made sword scabbard of the 8th cent. Notable lacquer artists include Ogata KorinOgata Korin
, 1658–1716, Japanese decorator and painter. He is renowned for his lacquer work and paintings on screens, decorated with bold designs and striking color contrasts, and his masterful compositional use of empty space.
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 (17th cent.) and Shibata Yeshin (19th cent.). In the 17th cent., Western European imitations were popularized as japanningjapanning
, method of varnishing a surface, such as wood, metal, or glass, to obtain a durable, lustrous finish. The term is derived from a process popular in England, France, the Netherlands, and Spain in the 17th cent.
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 and carried to great perfection in France in the vernis Martin developed by the Martin brothers under Louis XV. Commercial production of lacquer work in the 19th cent. resulted in a decline in quality.

Bibliography

See Lacquer: An International History and Illustrated Survey (1984).

lacquer

[′lak·ər]
(materials)
A material which contains a substantial quantity of a cellulose derivative, most commonly nitrocellulose but sometimes a cellulose ester, such as cellulose acetate or cellulose butyrate, or a cellulose ether such as ethyl cellulose; used to give a glossy finish, especially on brass and other bright metals.

Chinese lacquer, Japanese lacquer, lacquer

A hard-wearing varnish drawn from natural sources, as from the Japanese varnish tree.

lacquer

Any glossy enamel which dries quickly by evaporation of the volatile solvents and diluents. Also see Chinese lacquer.

lacquer

1. a hard glossy coating made by dissolving cellulose derivatives or natural resins in a volatile solvent
2. a black resinous substance, obtained from certain trees, used to give a hard glossy finish to wooden furniture
3. lacquer tree an E Asian anacardiaceous tree, Rhus verniciflua, whose stem yields a toxic exudation from which black lacquer is obtained
4. Art decorative objects coated with such lacquer, often inlaid
References in periodicals archive ?
Both in stores from late July) Alternatively, key into trendy Eastern style with a Chinese black lacquered stool, priced from pounds 173, from Orchid Furniture.
The electrochemical cell was prepared by fixing a glass cylinder onto the lacquered metallic sheet previously exposed to the UVCON test.
But as the demand increased lacquered panels were imported from China and fitted into skeletal frames by European cabinet makers.
Koetsu's image of a painted abstract landscape and the lacquered design of a lonely deer, searching for its mate, were inspired by classical Japanese poetry.
The report provides a breakdown of kitchen furniture consumption in Italy by cabinet door finishing (laminated, solid wood, veneer, lacquered, aluminum), by cabinet door color and style (classic, rustic, modern), and by worktop material (laminated, stone, steel, synthetic materials, wood, tiles).
cleaning facades of the Olympic swimming pool in Montpellier Antigone comprising - Glass facades: Outdoor (2 sides), double skin (2 sides) and caps- Dressing projecting roofs,- Dressing lacquered aluminum beams of the sun,- Lacquered aluminum cladding of the facade of the solarium- Dressing lacquered aluminum fasteners shrouds,- Dressing lacquered aluminum sliding roof,- Dressing lacquered aluminum roof shrines,- Gates and gutter surrounding the glass facades.
LACQUERED LIPS SAY goodbye to matte-look lips; pouts are luxurious, bee-stung and uber-shiny for autumn.
The Tom Ford Limited Edition collection, available now at House of Fraser, Cardiff, aims to create a spectrum of high definition effects - eyes are given depth with glistening metals, cheeks are sculpted with blush and burnished tan tones, lips are glossed with a gold-bullion sheen and nails are lacquered with metallics.
Exotic Oriental accessories and glossy, lacquered furniture in Chinese style could be just what your rooms, and your spirits, need to lift them out of the doldrums.
Coloseo has a stainless steel case, a white lacquered bezel with crown protector set with 21 diamonds (0.
Italy-based ICA Group has added a lacquered, glazed, bicolor water-based cycle to its wood coatings portfolio that is ideal for adding new touches to classic pieces of furniture, the company said.