lactone


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Related to lactone: Homoserine lactone

lactone

[′lak‚tōn]
(organic chemistry)
An internal cyclic mono ester formed by gamma (γ) or delta (δ) hydroxy acids spontaneously; thus γ-hydroxybutyric acid forms γ-butyrolactone.
References in periodicals archive ?
The team hypothesises that similarly structured beta lactones could "mask" themselves as mycolic acid to enter the mycolic acid metabolic pathways and then block the decisive enzymes.
Anti-cancer stem cell activity of a sesquiterpene lactone isolated from Ambrosia arborescens and of a synthetic derivative," PLOS ONE, 2017; 12 (9): e0184304 DOI: 10.
Evaluation of herbicide potential of sesquiterpene lactone and flavonoid: impact on germination, seedling growth indices and root length in Arabidopsis thaliana.
1,7,8) Reclaimed French oak in particular contained higher proportions of the trans-isomer of oak lactone rather than the cis-isomer; whereas reclaimed American oak predominantly contained cis-oak lactone.
lobata and the furanoheliangolide sesquiterpene lactone lobatin B contained therein are able to suppress the oncogenic NPM/ALK expression (Kiss et al.
AHL lactonase works by hydrolyzing the lactone ring of AHL molecules, it has a varied substrates [38] and the degradation of AHL compound using AHL lactonase enzyme did not depend on the length of the acyl chains, so the use of this enzyme is more effective [4].
Evidence for macrocyclic lactone antihelminthic resistance in Dirofilaria immitis.
There is at least one means to overcome lactone formation, but this comes with its own problems.
hysterophorus responsible for ABCD are sesquiterpene lactones (SLs) consisting of a lactone ring attached to a sesquiterpene.
AHLs contain a common homoserine lactone ring, differing in their carbon lenght (4 to 18 carbons), degree of saturation, and the presence of C3 acyl chain modifications.