Small lateral lappets
are present on segments 2 and 3 as well as a small, inconspicuous lappet
on segment 4.
For example, in the summer of 1800, within twenty days, a group of fifty people collected about thirteen cubic metres of caterpillars and cocoons of the pine-tree lappet
on approximately 154 hectares in the community forest of Neu-Ruppin northwest of Berlin (90) In 1820, from June to early August, about 10,000 caterpillars were gathered in the forest district GroB-Schonebeck north of Berlin.
well developed, almost meeting in mid-line, free margin with fine projections; right post-ocular peduncle present in both sexes, nearly as long or longer than eyestalk, with a faint dorsal groove, peduncle tip often flattened and expanded; no right subocular tentacle evident; snout with extensive ventro-lateral flanges extending well beneath neck lobes, mouth deeply split midventrally; neck lobes broad, anterior two-thirds of right lobe with approx.
The experimental tests have been made on butterfly lappets
with diameters of , for which it was establish an optimal profile.
The larval lobes and lappets
are spanned by a primary ciliated band, which is used in larval feeding (von Dassow et al.
finely digitate, not meeting in mid-line; snout laterally expanded, transversely striped with black, lips split mid-ventrally; right post-ocular peduncle relatively small, arising from base of eyestalk; subocular tentacle not evident; right neck lobe with approx.
Lug entered the English language with the meaning 'one of the flaps or lappets
of a cap or bonnet, covering the ears', changing its meaning later to 'ear'.
In the lappets
of the arms, away from the rhopalium, the FMRF-IR network was more random in neurite orientation relative to the strict radial orientation of tubulin-IR neurites (Fig.
Snout expanded laterally, but not strongly so; free margin of cephalic lappets
relatively coarsely divided (2-3 digits); right post-ocular peduncle well developed, arising beside base of eyestalk, somewhat flattened and with a distinct dorsal groove; right subocular tentacle not evident; left neck lobe with numerous tentacles of varying size, right lobe with finely fimbriate margin and approx.
Similar observations have been made for scyphomedusae that develop from ephyrae, characterized by bells with large clefts separating lappets
, into adults with continuous bell morphologies (Higgins et al.
poorly developed) branching canals only in the marginal lappets
(Kramp, 1961: p.
As the mitraria grows, folds also appear on either side of the larva, forming lappets