leaf scald

leaf scald

[′lēf ‚skȯld]
(plant pathology)
A bacterial disease of sugarcane caused by Bacterium albilineans which invades the vascular tissues, causing creamy or grayish streaking and withering of the leaves.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the USA, leaf scald is a serious disease of barley in the Pacific Northwest, California, and the Mid Atlantic region, where yield losses can reach 40% (Mathre, 1997).
Detection Xanthomonas albilineans, causal agent of sugarcane leaf scald, using Elisa technique and selective media
Leaf scald and spot blotch are also considered major barley diseases in Australia (Wallwork, 2000).
Since the first variety programs started there over 70 years ago, ARS scientists and collaborating university researchers have supplied industry with 86 varieties of high-yielding sugarcane, most armed with resistance to yield-reducing diseases like sugarcane mosaic virus, eye spot, smut, rust, ratoon stunting, leaf scald, and, more recently, insect pests like sugarcane borers.
CP 97-1944 is susceptible to Sugarcane yellow leaf virus, and is moderately susceptible to leaf scald [caused by Xanthomonas albilineans (Ashby) Dowson] and ratoon stunting disease (caused by Leifsonia xyli subsp, xyli Evtushenko et al.
CP 97-1989 is moderately susceptible to leaf scald [caused by Xanthomonas albilineans (Ashby) Dowson] and ratoon stunting disease (caused by Leifsonia xyli subsp, xyli Evtushenko et al.
and leaf scald [caused by Xanthomonas albilineans (Ashby) Dowson] diseases under natural field infection conditions.
and leaf scald [caused by Xanthomonas albilineans (Ashby) Dowson] diseases, and moderately resistant to rust (caused by Puccinia melanocephala Syd.
leaf scald [caused by Xanthomonas albilineans (Ashby) Dowson], sugarcane mosaic virus strain E, and ratoon stunting disease (caused by Leifsonia xyli subsp.