legume


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legume

(lĕ`gyo͞om, lĭgyo͞om`), common name for any plant of the family Leguminosae, which is called also the pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
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, legume, pea, or bean family. The word is often used loosely in the plural for vegetables in general. Botanically, a legume is the characteristic fruit of the pulse family plants, called also leguminous plants. It is a podpod
or legume,
dehiscent fruit of a member of the family Leguminosae (pulse family). At maturity the pod splits along its two seams and releases the enclosed seeds.
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 which usually splits along two sides, with the seeds attached along one of the sutures. The family Leguminosae is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales.

legume

[lə′gyüm]
(botany)
A dry, dehiscent fruit derived from a single simple pistil; common examples are alfalfa, beans, peanuts, and vetch.

legume

1. the long dry dehiscent fruit produced by leguminous plants; a pod
2. any table vegetable of the family Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae), esp beans or peas
3. any leguminous plant
References in periodicals archive ?
In this case, Field A would contain a perennial legume blend, such as clover; Field B would be planted to an annual legume or legume mix in the spring, then replanted to a cool-season cereal grain and/or brassica in the fall.
The quantities of non-soy legumes utilized in the studies ranged from roughly one-half cup of cooked beans or legume flours per day to every other day, she said.
Legume clades are very often confined to this vegetation, which suggests that a species tends to inherit its ancestral ecological predilection (i.
And, Sprent points out, scientists have barely even begun to survey the many species of tropical plants, especially trees in the legume family, that could easily harbor new species of nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
Legume plants serve as hosts for nitrogen-fixing bacteria (Rhizobium) through symbiotic colonization within the plant root nodules.
Up until now, our markets have been limited to the legume crops.
In order to give students in the STD group the opportunity to try a legume product, at the end of the semester (after quizzes were completed), hummus samples were given out.
New farmers are provided with the legume seed free the first year, and they return double the amount that they were given the following year.
At that time, remove the livestock and allow the legume to become established.
We first used peanut because it is a legume that is commonly grown by subsistence farmers.
A study published in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine surveyed more than 80 legumes looking for genistein and diadzein and found good quantities of each in many other beans.