Letter of Credence

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Related to letters of credence: Letters of Recall

Letter of Credence


a document accrediting a diplomatic representative. It duly certifies the representative (diplomatic) character of his mission and of his person as a diplomatic representative. The letter of credence of an ambassador or envoy is drawn up in an established form and is addressed by the head of one state to the head of another, the appropriate signatures and seals being duly affixed thereto. The signature of the head of state is usually confirmed by the signature of the head of the department of foreign affairs. Chargés d’affaires and political representatives, when accredited, are furnished with a letter from the head of the department of foreign affairs of their country to the head of the department of the country to which they are appointed.

A letter of credence states the name and title (rank) of the sender and recipient, the name and diplomatic rank of the representative, and a request to “accredit” him in all relations, namely, as a representative of the said state. Sometimes the letter of credence sets out briefly the reasons and aims of the diplomatic mission and the state of diplomatic relations between the two countries at the time.

The letter of credence is handed over by the diplomatic representative at his first audience with the head of state, and a certified copy thereof is forwarded beforehand to the head of the department of foreign affairs.

A letter of credence states the general powers of the diplomatic representative. Once accredited, he needs no further authority for his statements and declarations in the country in which he is stationed, and all his official acts, letters, and utterances are entirely the responsibility of the government that has appointed him. However, his credentials as such do not empower the diplomatic representative to sign international agreements without special authorization.

A letter of credence loses its validity in the event of the death of the head of state who appointed the diplomatic representative or of the head of state to which he is accredited, or if the form of government in the country in which he is stationed or of his own country has been changed, or if the rank of the diplomatic representative is changed. When a diplomatic representative leaves his post he hands over his letter of recall (lettre de rappel) and in turn sometimes receives a recredential (lettre de récréance) to remit to his own government on returning to his country. The form of the letter of recall and of the recredential conforms to the letter of credence.


References in periodicals archive ?
Meanwhile, when presenting letters of credence, Mrs.
Edirisuriya, presented his letters of credence on the 12th of November 2014, as the non-resident Ambassador of Sri Lanka to the President of Suriname, Desire Delano Bouterse.
The presentation of letters of credence ceremony was attended by the Chief Royal Court in Luxemburg Bier Plie and officials of the embassy.
Later, the President accepted letters of credence of five ambassadors of Maldives, Indonesia, Guinea, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Federal Republic Somalia and seven non-resident ambassadors of Nambia, Ghana, Estonia, Nicaragua, Malawi, Burkia Faso, and Cote d'Ivoire.
Zuma delivered his remarks during a credentials ceremony where he received letters of credence from Ambassadors Ali Yousif Ahmed Sharif of Sudan, Rodrigo Guillermo of Republic of Panama, Francisco Javier Marambio of Chile, Goran Vujicic of Serbia and Jacques Lapougne of France.
NEW YORK (PAN): The Afghan Ambassador to Canada Omar Samad presented his Letters of Credence to President Michelle Bachelet of Chile as part of a formal ceremony at the Moneda Palace, on Tuesday in Santiago.
Accreditation will take effect when letters of credence have been forwarded to the Austrian President of the Council, Wolfgang Sch ssel, and the Commission President, Jacques Santer.
On the same day, the ambassador handed letters of credence to President Dalia Grybauskait?
President Buhari also received Letters of Credence from the Ambassador of Niger to Nigeria, Mr Alat Mogaskia and the High Commissioner of Ghana, Alhaji Rashid Bawa.
ERDOy[currency]AN/ AMBASSADORS- MINISTERS: South Sudanese Ambassador Majok Guadong, Monotnegrin Ambassador Branko Milic, Hungarian Ambassador Gabor Kiss, US Ambassador John Bass will present their letters of credence to President Recep Tayyip Erdoy-an separately.
P D P S A Liyanage, High Commissioner presented his letters of Credence to Dr.
President George Manneh Weah has received the Letters of Credence of the new Chinese Ambassador accredited to Liberia, H.