lexeme


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lexeme

(grammar)
A minimal lexical unit of a language. Lexical analysis converts strings in a language into a list of lexemes. For a programming language these word-like pieces would include keywords, identifiers, literals and punctutation. The lexemes are then passed to the parser for syntactic analysis.

Lexeme

 

a unit of the lexical level of language, of its vocabulary.

The lexeme is the same type of abstract linguistic unit as the phoneme, morpheme, syntagma, sememe, and grapheme. It represents a word in all its forms and meanings; for example, all the forms of the word iazyk, “tongue,” and the different meanings of these forms in various contexts, such as iazyk oblozhen, “coated tongue,” russkii iazyk, “Russian language,” and iazyk proizvedeniia, “language of a literary work,” are identical as representatives of one and the same lexeme iazyk.

References in periodicals archive ?
As I have remarked above, form rules affect the signifiant of a lexeme and include the zero rule or identity relation and segmental rules dealing with affixation.
The adverse possession analogy helps clarify that the public can acquire or exercise something like a property right in the trademark lexeme.
The initial table consists of as many lines as ECUs and as many columns as lexemes chosen for analysis.
Second, relational lexemes (like ON and BEHIND) are rarely used in the locative constructions in our data, as has also been reported for other sign languages.
Our specific goal was the development of a system that parses lexemes into morphological structure.
With our focus on culture, we were interested in what Laufer and Paribakht (1998) refer to as referential knowledge of lexemes rather than in learners' control of form and syntactic behavior in production.
Given the distinction between derivation and inflection (derivation creates lexemes, inflection creates forms of lexemes) we expect the following scheme to apply, and this is indeed basically correct .
The fact that in this lexeme the u-umlaut is quite old is shown by the fact that oruk <'wrwk> is attested as early as in the Baburname (e.
Parents, aware of the implications, may name children to reflect the circumstances around the balance or imbalance of the family composition, and it is common to use lexemes that explicitly represent the sex of the child.
Error, a lexeme with an Augustinian ring, is fully at home in the 14th-century Christian context, but could find no place in Leopardi's post-Enlightenment world.
Symmetrically arranged, chapters i and v provide a `context, ground and overview', iii and vi and ii and vii accounts of respectively Augustine and the twelfth-century writers on ambiguity at the two levels of lexeme and word-form.
hr[y]), with which the Arabic lexeme forms a semantic chain.