Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Wikipedia.



the totality of words; the vocabulary of a language.

The lexicon of a language or dialect is the subject of lexicology and semantics, and the lexicon of writers or individual works is the subject of stylistics and poetics. The lexicon of any language forms a complex system; its words are linked with one another both in sound form (homonyms and paronyms) and meaning (synonyms and antonyms), and the individual groups of words form what is called thematic groups (for example, the names for means of transportation; kinship terms). A lexicon is heterogeneous from the standpoint of stylistics, since it contains not only “neutral” words (for example, Russian stol, “table”; govorit’, “to speak”; khoroshii, “good”; on, “he”; tri, “three”) but also words that are restricted in usage in different ways by the stylistics of the language itself (for example, Russian ochi, “eyes”; burkaly, “eyes”; vodruzit’,) “to hoist,” “erect”; okoem, “horizon”; vkalyvat’, “to stick (into),” “to work hard”; dialectal gashnik, “girdle string”; slang pervoklashka, “first-grader”; bukhoi, “sozzled”). Phraseology is directly linked to the lexicon of a language, since many words form stable combinations with the specific meaning of a whole as opposed to that of its parts—for example, negashenaia izvest’, “quicklime” (literally “unextinguished lime”); dat’ po rukam, “to rap on the knuckles” (literally “to give on the hands”); and sobaku s”est’, “to know inside out” (literally “to eat a dog”). The lexicons of the most developed languages contain hundreds of thousands of words (including terminological systems).

From a historical standpoint, a lexicon usually includes words of different origins; this reflects the direct and mediated contacts of a given people with other peoples. In recent centuries, and particularly from the late 19th century, the professional lexicon —the terminology of a special discipline—has grown at a rapid pace. The international lexicon and the terminology of its Greek and Latin morphemes are widely represented in the Indo-European languages (for example, in Russian atom, “atom”; metod, “method”; kommunizm, “communism”; biologiia, “biology”; lingvistika, “linguistics”; konstitutsiia, “constitution”; fotosintez, “photosynthesis”; tsiklotron, “cyclotron”; kosmo-drom, “spaceport”; fonema, “phoneme”; and similar words). The lexicon includes both obsolete words—historical words (Russian zabralo, “visor” and nep, “new economic policy”) and archaisms (for example, Russian daby, “in order”; vyia, “neck”; breg, “shore”; mladoi, “young”; iazyk, “language,” in the meaning of “people”)—and neologisms (for example, Russian kosmovidenie, “space television”; dizainer, “designer”; programmist, “programmer”).


Vinogradov, V. V. “Osnovnye tipy leksicheskikh znachenii slov.” Voprosy iazykoznaniia, 1953, no. 5.
Reznikov, L. O. Poniatie i slovo. Leningrad, 1958.
Ufimtseva, A. A. Opyt izucheniia Ieksiki kak sistemy. Moscow, 1962.
Kalinin, A. V. Leksika russkogo iazyka, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1971.
Shmelev, D. N. Problemy semanticheskogo analiza leksiki. Moscow, 1973.
Matoré, G. La Méthode en lexicologie. Paris, 1953.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this paper, a Maximum Likelihood (ML)-based automatically generated lexicon using mixed-syllables is proposed to improve the voice recognition for East Asian languages.
Originally, A&M and Lexicon were expected to quickly create jobs.
METHODOLOGYOur method for constructing drug subjectivity lexicon is based on quickly extracting from a manually complied seed list.
The data is composed of three main modalities: bag-of-words features, lexicon features, and surface features.
These contributions present a complete model of a sentiment analyzer based on different techniques and approaches like supervised or unsupervised machine learning or lexicon based, etc.
It's fair to assume Lexicon Lad, who looks a chaser in the making, is fairly treated off 109 giving weight to some pretty poor horses.
Chamberlain has written several scholarly articles on Septuagint lexicography, and here provides a supplement to the Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature (BDAG), the standard New Testament lexicon.
8 June 2011 - New York-based investment banking advisory firm Evercore Partners (NYSE:EVR) said on Tuesday it had inked a deal to buy UK peer Lexicon Partners for GBP86m (USD141m/EUR96m) in cash and Evercore shares.
This approach differs from the equally significant lexicon published roughly contemporaneously by Johan Lust, Erik Eynikel, and Katrin Hauspie, A Greek-English Lexicon of the Septuagint (1992, 1996), which reads LXX Greek with the Semitic Vorlage as a primary determiner of meaning.
Kitab al-'Ayn, written by al-Khalil ibn Ahmad al-Farahidi, is considered a turning point in the history of Arabic lexicon work, as al-Farahidi is considered one of the most important linguists of his time who devised the Arabic poetry's meters.
In the literary tradition of The Phantom Tollbooth and The Chronicles of Narnia, Lost in Lexicon will keep young readers flicking the pages to find out what happens next.