Defamation

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Defamation

 

in criminal law, a crime against the individual, consisting in the spreading of fabrications known to be false that defame another person. For the act to be deemed defamation, it is necessary that the guilty person know that he is spreading false information intended to damage the victim’s reputation, and it is sufficient that the information be communicated to only one person. Under Soviet law, circumstances aggravating responsibility are the spreading of false defamatory fabrications by a person previously convicted of defamation; the spreading of defamatory fabrications in a printed work or a work reproduced by other means; and the spreading of fabrications known to be false combined with the accusation of commission of a crime against the state or other grave crime.

Defamation is punishable by deprivation of freedom or correctional labor for a term of one year or a fine of 50 rubles, or by imposition of the obligation to make amends for the harm caused, or by public censure. In the event of aggravating circumstances, deprivation of freedom for a five-year term may be applied (for example, Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 130). In cases involving defamation without aggravating circumstances proceedings are initiated only on the complaint of the victim and are subject to dismissal in the event of reconciliation with the defendant before the court withdraws to render its judgment. In exceptional instances provided for by law, proceedings may be initiated by the procurator even in the absence of a complaint by the victim. The circulation of true though defamatory information does not constitute a crime under Soviet legislation.

References in periodicals archive ?
The LSE added: 'The exchange has demonstrated that libelous allegations put to it by newspapers are completely false and without substance.
While some claimed that individuals assigned too much homework or were overly strict, anonymity also prompted the use of expletives and libelous charges such as "skirt chaser" and "pedophile.
It also would have given the sponsoring teacher the ability to stop publication of any material considered obscene, harmful to minors, libelous or likely to incite violence, lawbreaking or disruption of the normal function of the school.
The Tokyo District Court on Friday rejected Tokyo taxi driver Hiroshi Tomomoto's demand that the government run an advertisement apologizing for allegedly libelous remarks by a Kyoto District Court judge that disparaged taxi drivers.
The Scots more than anyone can understand what it' s like to have their cities portrayed as dark, horrible places by libelous filmmakers," said Limerick radio DJ Gerry Hannan.
Demon Internet Ltd, the UK internet service provider found liable for hosting defamatory usenet postings in March, has adopted a zero tolerance approach to potentially libelous usenet traffic.
If they post libelous information in an e-mail, that could be used as evidence in court.
had published a libelous article in its Sun newspaper last Sept.
All messages that claim a company is engaged in wrongdoing (as with the AOL hard drive invasion hoax) should be treated as libelous until you have the facts.
Criticized for its excessive viciousness and its libelous tone, the book was not popular in its day.
Cunningham seems to believe that there is no moral authority higher than the Pentagon, in which case every libelous canard the top brass direct at queers becomes gospel truth.
But it is not a sure thing that the law will protect either the interviewee or the press if something libelous is said out of court.