library school


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library school,

educational institution providing professional training for librarians (see also librarylibrary,
a collection of books or other written or printed materials, as well as the facility in which they are housed and the institution that is responsible for their maintenance.
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). Librarians were trained by apprenticeship until the late 19th cent. The first school for training librarians was established by Melvil DeweyDewey, Melvil,
1851–1931, American library pioneer, originator of the Dewey decimal system, b. Adams Center, N.Y., grad. Amherst (B.A., 1874; M.A., 1877). A man of originality and of enormous energy, Dewey played an important role in the early days of library organization
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 in 1887. The success of this institution, combined with a shortage of librarians in a period of growth and expansion, led to a proliferation of such schools, many of which were inadequate. With the formation of the Association of American Library Schools in 1915, standards of accreditation were established and maintained. A number of university schools of library service were established in the 1920s, many of them funded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York.

In 1999, 56 U.S. and Canadian institutions offering training in librarianship were accredited by the American Library Association. These schools require a minimum of five years' study beyond the secondary level: The four years of undergraduate study constitute a general education in the humanities and natural and social sciences; the fifth year is in professional study at the graduate level and leads to a master's degree. The first school to confer the doctoral degree in library science was the Univ. of Chicago. Some of the schools are part of a university (as at the Univ. of Illinois); others are at independent undergraduate institutions (e.g., Pratt Institute). As libraries adopted the use of computer databases and on-line catalogs, the schools added a broader range of courses in information science and technology in order to acquaint future librarians with a variety of media.

The first library school outside the United States and Canada was founded at the Univ. of London in 1917. In many underdeveloped countries, university library schools have been established by grants from UNESCO and other sources, employing at the outset European- or American-trained staff. This staff is replaced as soon as possible with local personnel. Although the number of non-American library schools has steadily increased, many foreign librarians are still trained in the United States.

References in periodicals archive ?
Much of what is expected and the politics of schools are not covered in library school.
Primarily aimed at potential and current library school students, current professionals considering pursuing a career change within or into academia will find this a useful guide as well.
They are finding that recent library school grads are interested in jobs within libraries doing research, reference work, and cataloging.
This dinner was announced as being a celebration that I'd been admitted to Library School, that I'd taken a first step, since my return from Vietnam, to amount to something.
The author advises potential digital librarians that they may need to design their own program of study in library school and points out the importance of networking, both in person and virtually, and staying abreast of technology.
The three year Experimental library school in Achimota College Ghana lasted only for one year (p.
But in spite of the lackluster job market, library school is arguably more popular than ever.
Another photo from the 1950s shows a student browsing the new books display, while other students relax in easy chairs and peruse magazines ("A corner in the Library School Library," 1950-51).
is a nice, cathartic thought to share with others, especially since my semi-distance-based, totally theory-driven library school experience often leaves me jealous of those from more traditional, practical programs.
Subsequent sections cover issues like library school curriculum, information and communications technology availability, accessibility, and utilization, staffing, and funding of library school programs.
It surveys the options for both recent library school grads and working librarians, exploring everything from government work and entrepreneurial opportunities to working within organizations similar to libraries.
Celebrated in the late 1920s for two works of fiction, Quicksand and Passing, both loosely influenced by her personal experiences, Nella Larsen was the first black woman to become a Guggenheim fellow; she was twice the recipient of the Harmon Award for literature; and she was the first African American known to have graduated from library school.

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