library school

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library school,

educational institution providing professional training for librarians (see also librarylibrary,
a collection of books or other written or printed materials, as well as the facility in which they are housed and the institution that is responsible for their maintenance.
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). Librarians were trained by apprenticeship until the late 19th cent. The first school for training librarians was established by Melvil DeweyDewey, Melvil,
1851–1931, American library pioneer, originator of the Dewey decimal system, b. Adams Center, N.Y., grad. Amherst (B.A., 1874; M.A., 1877). A man of originality and of enormous energy, Dewey played an important role in the early days of library organization
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 in 1887. The success of this institution, combined with a shortage of librarians in a period of growth and expansion, led to a proliferation of such schools, many of which were inadequate. With the formation of the Association of American Library Schools in 1915, standards of accreditation were established and maintained. A number of university schools of library service were established in the 1920s, many of them funded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York.

In 1999, 56 U.S. and Canadian institutions offering training in librarianship were accredited by the American Library Association. These schools require a minimum of five years' study beyond the secondary level: The four years of undergraduate study constitute a general education in the humanities and natural and social sciences; the fifth year is in professional study at the graduate level and leads to a master's degree. The first school to confer the doctoral degree in library science was the Univ. of Chicago. Some of the schools are part of a university (as at the Univ. of Illinois); others are at independent undergraduate institutions (e.g., Pratt Institute). As libraries adopted the use of computer databases and on-line catalogs, the schools added a broader range of courses in information science and technology in order to acquaint future librarians with a variety of media.

The first library school outside the United States and Canada was founded at the Univ. of London in 1917. In many underdeveloped countries, university library schools have been established by grants from UNESCO and other sources, employing at the outset European- or American-trained staff. This staff is replaced as soon as possible with local personnel. Although the number of non-American library schools has steadily increased, many foreign librarians are still trained in the United States.

References in periodicals archive ?
The three year Experimental library school in Achimota College Ghana lasted only for one year (p.
LIS students who register are given unlimited access to more than a dozen of the most-requested Gale resources throughout their library school career, a free one year subscription to either Library Journal or School Library Journal, and access to industry thought leaders via the Librareo community.
Subsequent sections cover issues like library school curriculum, information and communications technology availability, accessibility, and utilization, staffing, and funding of library school programs.
It surveys the options for both recent library school grads and working librarians, exploring everything from government work and entrepreneurial opportunities to working within organizations similar to libraries.
Celebrated in the late 1920s for two works of fiction, Quicksand and Passing, both loosely influenced by her personal experiences, Nella Larsen was the first black woman to become a Guggenheim fellow; she was twice the recipient of the Harmon Award for literature; and she was the first African American known to have graduated from library school.
It is also relevant for other educators who are centrally involved in K-12 programs, including district, regional and state library media coordinators, building level administrators, and library school educators.
She includes analytical discussion, classroom-derived research, examples of exercises, and theories of education, communication, and adolescent development in a whole that makes compelling reading for experienced librarians, new teachers, library school students, and others concerned with societal changes stemming from information and communication technology.
I have a thorough understanding of scientific and technical principles; prior to attending library school, I was a testing laboratory chemist for a plastics company.
We are hoping that we twisted her arm enough that she'll think about going to library school,'' said Nancy Hunt-Coffey, director of Glendale libraries.
The authors, representing medical, academic, government, and public libraries as well as library school faculty, have been selected because of their reputation, expertise, and successes in the consumer health arena.
Although their academic work may be more complicated and demanding, students who wish to study music librarianship have more opportunities to do so than when Young undertook his survey of library school offerings.
Another factor, the report concludes, is that the emphasis in library school curricula on information management is largely responsible for the dilution of stock management and book knowledge and that

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