artificial life support

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artificial life support,

systems that use medical technology to aid, support, or replace a vital function of the body that has been seriously damaged. Such techniques include artificial pacemakerspacemaker, artificial,
device used to stimulate a rhythmic heartbeat by means of electrical impulses. Implanted in the body when the heart's own electrical conduction system (natural pacemaker) does not function normally, the battery-powered device emits impulses that trigger
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, internal defibrillatorsdefibrillator,
device that delivers an electrical shock to the heart in order to stop certain forms of rapid heart rhythm disturbances (arrhythmias). The shock changes a fibrillation to an organized rhythm or changes a very rapid and ineffective cardiac rhythm to a slower, more
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, dialysis machines (see kidney, artificialkidney, artificial,
mechanical device capable of assuming the functions ordinarily performed by the kidneys. In treating cases of kidney failure a tube is inserted into an artery in the patient's arm and blood is channeled through semipermeable tubes immersed in a bath
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), and respirators. The use of life-support systems to prolong the life of a patient who has suffered apparently irreversible damage to a vital organ system may raise such ethical issues as the quality of life, euthanasiaeuthanasia
, either painlessly putting to death or failing to prevent death from natural causes in cases of terminal illness or irreversible coma. The term comes from the Greek expression for "good death.
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, and the right to die, and has been the subject of much legal and moral debate. Some people specify their wishes concerning prolonged artificial life support, especially should they be in a persistent vegetative state (see comacoma,
in medicine, deep state of unconsciousness from which a person cannot be aroused even by painful stimuli. The patient cannot speak and does not respond to command.
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), in a living willliving will,
legal document in which a person expresses in advance his or her wishes concerning the use of artificial life support, to be referred to should the person be unable to communicate such wishes at the end of life.
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. A health-care proxyhealth-care proxy,
legal document in which a person assigns to another person, usually called an agent or proxy, the authority to make medical decisions in case of incapacitation. It is, in essence, a power of attorney for health care.
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 is another legal means of insuring that a person's wishes regarding artificial life support are respected, even if the person is unable to communicate those wishes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Doctors said continuing to provide life support treatment was "unkind, unfair and inhumane".
at life all Ambulance staff took over his care and carried out advanced life support, but sadly, despite all efforts, it wasn't possible to save him WMAS spokesman
com/charlie-gards-parents-respond-ruling-taking-10-month-old-life-support-2559957) Charlie Gard's Parents Respond To Ruling Taking Baby Off Life Support
High school students will be required to learn how to apply CPR and life support and how to act on emergencies that will greatly help them save lives,' said Guiao.
This was the 21st Basic Life support (BLS) course which was arranged by the hospital.
Cloud connectivity will enable physicians and home medical equipment providers (HMEs) to access key patient data in the cloud to better manage and improve the outcomes of the thousands of patients who currently rely on Astral life support ventilators at home -- all within ResMed's secure, HIPAA-compliant cloud network.
Munoz's mother, Lynn Machado, described to the House State Affairs Committee the pain she felt watching her brain-dead daughter's body "decompose" while she was kept on life support for 62 days.
Patients who experience a heart attack outside of the hospital are more likely to survive and have better neurologic function when they receive basic rather than advanced life support in the ambulance on their way to the hospital, according to a recent study.
In a recent American case, [1] the court ordered a hospital to remove life support from a person's brain-dead pregnant wife, finding that the woman could not be regarded as a 'patient' because she was dead.
A decision was later made to turn o his life support at was later made to turn o his life support at James Cook University Hospital.
M2 PHARMA-May 12, 2014-Astral 100 and Astral 150 portable, lightweight life support ventilators launched by ResMed
He is very passionate about basic life support teaching in all Welsh schools.