Liliaceae

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Liliaceae

[‚lil·ē′ās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of the order Liliales distinguished by six stamens, typically narrow, parallel-veined leaves, and a superior ovary.

Liliaceae

 

a family of monocotyledonous plants. They are perennial grasses with rhizomes, bulbs, or corms. Less frequently they have woody stems and are arborescent; a few are lianas. The leaves are entire and often narrow. The flowers are usually bisexual, regular or slightly irregular in form, and pentacyclic; they are generally trimerous and often gathered in racemes, panicles, and other inflorescences. The perianths are generally brightly colored. The pistils are syncarpous. The ovary is usually superior; however, sometimes it is half-inferior or inferior. The fruit is a capsule or, sometimes, a berry.

Approximately 250 genera of Liliaceae, comprising 4,000 species, are distributed throughout the world. In the USSR there are 45 genera (approximately 650 species). Many species grow in the steppes, in semiarid regions, and on mountains. A number of subfamilies (particularly Asparagoideae, Allioideae, Smilacoideae, and, less frequently, Agavoideae) are separated into different families. The Liliaceae include many useful plants. The onion, garlic, and asparagus are important vegetables. Several plants, such as New Zealand flax and desert candle, are used in industry. Lily of the valley, aloe, sea onion, false hellebore, and autumn crocus are drug-yielding plants. The Liliaceae include numerous ornamentals, such as lily, tulip, hyacinth, fritillary, autumn crocus, yucca, dracena, and aloe. Wild representatives include false lily of the valley, lily of the valley, onion, Solomon’s seal, Gagea, squill, grape hyacinth, and star-of-Bethlehem.

REFERENCES

Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
But like many other members of the Lily family, they are quite challenging to grow from seed because they are very slow.
Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family
Garlic is, in fact, a member of the lily family and is one of the oldest cultivated crops, dating back to before records began.
It's a fact that asparagus, a member of the lily family contains the sulfurous amino acid methionine, This compound, together with the plant's intense grassy flavor, can make many wines taste dank, vegetal, or just plain weird.
Agave Azul/Blue Agave: A cactus look-alike from the lily family used to make tequila.
No one had described Calochortus tiburonensis, a member of the lily family, until 1972.
A member of the lily family, aloe vera's pointy leaves seep a sticky gel when cut, which is scooped out and applied directly to wounds and burns.
A member of the Lily family, Alium sativum is normally sexually sterile.
I suspect Edgar Allan Poe never tried, which must be why he has so many nice things to say about this member of the gentle lily family.
Though we are truly grateful for the Though we are truly grateful for the introduction of Lilium regale, the lily family is huge and full of variety.
According to the Hollywood Reporter, actor John Barrowman will portray Julius Ashford Lily, "the charming son of the Lily family, who has reigned over New York's elite for decades, but a recent family scandal has undermined their fortunes both financially and socially.
A member of the lily family, asparagus was cultivated by the Ancient Greeks and Romans and has been used as a herbal medicine for many centuries.