To analyze how this lineage structure affected the mutualism, we classified bacteria into three groups according to their host lineage of origin.
This lineage structure is congruent with the three lineages that we have observed in an intensive study of a single local population (IL-1; Spoerke et al.
4) Lu points to other groundbreaking scholars, such as Vivienne Shue, who has noted the irony that, even as the early decades of the People's Republic of China (PRC) saw attacks on kinship and lineage structures
, the commune organization and hukou system effectively tied people to the land, which in many cases allowed some traditional kinship and lineage structures
to remain active into the 1980s.