lithification


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lithification

[‚lith·ə·fə′kā·shən]
(geology)
Conversion of a newly deposited sediment into an indurated rock. Also known as lithifaction.
Compositional change of coal to bituminous shale or other rock.
References in periodicals archive ?
1] is attributable to the hydrogen bond formed during the lithification of minerals with kerogen in oil shale.
Stromatolites are large features--often many meters in size--that can be formed by the lithification of laminated microbial mats, (Fig.
Diagenesis is defined as a series of chemical, physical, and biological processes leading to a significant change in sediments, which started after their deposition and continued during and after their lithification (Larsen & Chilingar 1979; Morse & Mackenzie 1990).
Researchers found that lithification of microbial carpets occurred suddenly over a short period of time at the hottest part of the summer.
Aragonite-cemented sandstone from outer continental shelf off Delaware Bay: submarine lithification mechanism yields product resembling beachrock.
It has been reported that CaCO3 precipitation takes place as a result of degradation of organic matter by heterotrophic bacteria, which plays a significant role in the lithification process of microbial mats (Riding and Tomas, 2006).
Many of the Chondrites traces show vertical compression indicating some compaction of the mud during lithification (Fig.
In addition, bedding measurements from the Chain Rock member of the Bluestone Quarry Formation fall outside the main girdle distribution, suggesting a more complex structural history, here interpreted to involve deformation that took place before lithification.
Cements bind sedimentary particles together and cementation is the principle chemical process that produces lithification of sediments.
Deep-sea carbonate sediments of the Red Sea and their implications of marine lithification // J.