lobotomy


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lobotomy

(lōbŏt`əmē, lə–), surgical procedure for cutting nerve pathways in the frontal lobes of the brainbrain,
the supervisory center of the nervous system in all vertebrates. It also serves as the site of emotions, memory, self-awareness, and thought. Anatomy and Function
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. The operation has been performed on mentally ill patients whose behavioral patterns were not improved by other forms of treatment. The procedure as pioneered by Nobel laureate Egas Moniz in the 1930s consisted of drilling holes through the skull and severing or interfering with nerve fibers to the midbrain, particularly to the thalamus. In a later development, instruments were passed through the eye sockets to sever the connections.

Lobotomies were performed on numerous patients between 1936 and 1956. In approximately one half there was at least temporary relief of symptoms. However, some patients exhibited worse behavior after the operation, and others whose tensions were relieved by the surgery degenerated to a vegetative state. Since the mid-1950s such psychosurgery has been largely abandoned in favor of less radical means of treatment, e.g., the administration of tranquilizers and other chemical substances. Most psychiatrists today do not view lobotomy as an acceptable form of treatment.

lobotomy

[lō′bäd·ə·mē]
(medicine)
An operative section of the fibers between the frontal lobes of the brain. Also known as leukotomy; prefrontal lobotomy.

lobotomy

1. surgical incision into a lobe of any organ
2. surgical interruption of one or more nerve tracts in the frontal lobe of the brain: used in the treatment of intractable mental disorders

lobotomy

(1)
What a hacker subjected to formal management training is said to have undergone. At IBM and elsewhere this term is used by both hackers and low-level management; the latter doubtless intend it as a joke.

lobotomy

(2)
The act of removing the processor from a microcomputer in order to replace or upgrade it. Some very cheap clone systems are sold in "lobotomised" form - everything but the brain.
References in periodicals archive ?
Over the course of the book, this question extends beyond her family to the doctors, researchers, and society that made the lobotomy decisions seem rational and unavoidable.
The upshot was that the woman who gave the impression that she has had a lobotomy because it is the sort of thing her friends thinks is cool, doesn't want to see the woman who had the surgery.
Watching last week''s conference on the BBC Parliament Channel, with those acres of empty seats, was a bit like meeting a dazed survivor from a full frontal lobotomy who has lost all their cognitive abilities.
I MUST have had a lobotomy in my sleep, or how else will you explain my excitement over that scene from Quentin Tarantino's Inglourious Basterds where the German ' Jew Hunter', Colonel Hans Landa ( played chillingly by Christoph Waltz), asks Shosanna Dreyfus ( Melanie Laurent), the young Jewish woman who'd escaped his gun when his men wiped out her family during a raid on their hideout in a French village, to have her apple strudel with fresh cream.
Admitting he is flawed, but of course still a genius, he will engage in a transformation from pupae to butterfly before the next General Election, asking the public to allow him to effect some form of NHS sponsored lobotomy.
Frances Farmer, an American actress, author, early television personality and survivor of a lobotomy, frankly described her many stays in mental hospitals in her 1972 memoir, Will There Really Be A Morning?
He fought for our rights in the same manner as MLK, using nonviolence and demonstrations to break down stereotypes in a day when being gay was cause for lobotomy, jail, or death.
Before long they'll be distributing home help packs that explain how to remove a spleen on the kitchen table or the best use of an egg whisk whilst conducting a lobotomy.
It's also an utter, irredeemable piece of garbage that makes everyone involved with it look like a lobotomy patient.
Troma also gave early acting gigs to Vincent D'Onofrio (as Lobotomy in "The First Turn-On") and Eli Roth ("Terror Firmer" and "Citizen Toxic: The Toxic Avenger IV").
Quite frankly, I don't know how parents can endure living with adult children, unless they (the children) never venture an opinion on anything the parents say, think or do (in which case I'd have to wonder how they arranged for the lobotomy and what it cost).