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(Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill, NJ, A major manufacturer of telecommunications equipment. Lucent makes telephones and telephone systems, large telephone switching computers and integrated circuits and optoelectronics components for communications and computer applications.

The company has a long history in the telecom arena. Its roots go back to 1869 when Elisha Gray and Enos Barton founded Gray and Barton in Cleveland, Ohio, a company that provided parts and models for inventors such as Gray himself. Gray and Barton was later renamed Western Electric Company when Western Union, its major customer, became an investor.

In 1881, American Bell Telephone purchased controlling interest in Western Electric, which became the manufacturing arm of the Bell companies. In 1899, AT&T, which was created 14 years earlier, took over American Bell and Western Electric. In 1925, the already-combined engineering departments of Western Electric and AT&T were turned into Bell Labs, which has become world famous for its research. A year later, Western Electric spun off its electrical distribution operations as Graybar Electric Company, which became the first large company to be bought out by its own employees.

Over the years, the company ushered in the electronic age by developing the vacuum tube. It also invented the loudspeaker, brought sound to motion pictures and introduced mobile communications, the forerunner of today's cellular system. When AT&T was divested of its Bell operating companies in 1984, Western Electric remained with AT&T, but was soon split up into a variety of divisions, including Network Systems, which builds the major switching and telecom equipment. When spun off from AT&T in 1996, Lucent retained all of AT&T's manufacturing units as well as Bell Labs.

In late 2006, Lucent merged with Paris-based Alcatel forming a new entity named Alcatel-Lucent. In early 2007, the new company announced it had acquired Nortel's UMTS radio access business to forward its network development of 3G to 4G technologies. See OFS.

Lucent Has History
Although a new company in 1996, Lucent goes way back, spawning Bell Labs and Graybar Electric and inventing or developing some of the most important technologies in the western world. (Image courtesy of Lucent Technologies.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Shiseido White Lucency Brightening Serum for Neck and Decollete, EUR60
On an early visit to New York, Walcott viewed a painting by either Tiepolo or Veronese, and this formative event propels a narrative about Pissarro and Walcott's shared experience of exile, artistic achievement, and living "a divided life" between the cultural influences of Europe and the Caribbean: "Then I caught a slash of pink on the inner thigh / of a white hound entering the cave of a table, / so exact in its lucency at The Feast of Levi, / I felt my heart halt.
Whatever the time of day or season, the atmosphere's lucency is compromised by leaded, ineptly carbureted automobile exhaust.
23] have proposed the association between low blood pressure and periventricular lucency in AD patients[27].
lives of, among others, skinheads, punks and whores, investing their activities with a lucency that makes them worthy of, if not exactly our respect, then at least our compassion and our time.
In emphysematous patient in this study, the findings such as low flat diaphragm, increased lucency and tubular heart are broadly in agreement with the observation of other workers.
10) In any scenario, the only clues may be asymmetric lucency or unusual sharpness of anatomical borders.
51) Herzberg and associates found that 90% of implants developed lucency around the collar with stabilization within 1 year.
Review of the patient's previous chest x-rays demonstrated a right apical lucency lying above the level of the first rib posteriorly.
Signs of osteomyelitis (bone lucency, periosteal reactions) were noted.
Chest X-Ray revealed increased lucency over the left hemithorax with visible lung markings and fluid level, suggestive of a large cystic structure, along with mediastinal shift to the right.