lute


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lute,

musical instrument that has a half-pear-shaped body, a fretted neck, and a variable number of strings, which are plucked with the fingers. The long lute, with its neck much longer than its body, seems to have been older than the short lute, existing very early in the Egyptian and Middle Eastern cultures, whence the word lute derives. The short lute was known in Spain as early as the 10th cent., having been brought there by Arabs. Its greatest development came in the 15th cent. The lute was the most popular English and European instrument of the Renaissance. During these periods it amassed a vast literature. In the 17th cent. a larger form (the archlute) was developed; it gave rise to the theorbotheorbo
, large lute of the baroque period. It had an extra set of bass strings, not stopped on a fingerboard as the regular set are but plucked as open strings. These made it more suitable for playing baroque music than was the lute. It originated in the late 16th cent.
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 and to the chitarrone, which was supplanted by the Spanish vihuela and the modern guitarguitar,
musical instrument related to the lute, modern guitars normally having six strings that are plucked with the fingers or strummed with a pick. Earlier versions had pairs of strings like the lute.
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. Lute music is notated in tablaturetablature
, in music, a generic system of musical notation indicating actions that the player must take, rather than "representing" the music itself that will result from those actions. Tablatures have been in use in the West since the early 14th cent.
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.

Lute

 

a plucked stringed instrument.

The lute has an oval, convex body, short and wide neck with a pegbox bent back at an angle, and from six to 16 strings (sometimes as many as 24). The upper sounding board is flat and has a large sound hole. The tuning of the strings is based on a system of different sequences of intervals of a fourth and third (depending on the piece being performed).

The lute originated from the Arab-Iranian al’ud (earliest information about which dates from the third to the seventh century), which was introduced in Spain and Sicily at the end of the Middle Ages. From Spain and Sicily a somewhat modified instrument, called a lute, spread to Western European countries, and later to Eastern Europe. The art of lute-playing reached its height in the 16th and 17th centuries. By the middle of the 18th century, the lute had been supplanted by the guitar.

lute

[lüt]
(materials)
A substance, such as cement or clay, for packing a joint or coating a porous surface to produce imperviousness to gas or liquid.

lute

1. A scraper having a straight cutting edge; used to level plastic concrete.
2. A bricklayer’s straightedge used for striking off clay from a brick mold.

lute

1
an ancient plucked stringed instrument, consisting of a long fingerboard with frets and gut strings, and a body shaped like a sliced pear

lute

2
Dentistry a thin layer of cement used to fix a crown or inlay in place on a tooth
References in periodicals archive ?
Poor brother Lute in Erzurum didn't know about the earthquake until the following day, Aug.
Czech Lute was discovered in the 1920s by the musicologist Emilian Trolda.
Of the four English solo lute manuscripts now at Cambridge University, Dd.
This set of publications consists of: a high quality facsimile edition of the complete works of Nicolaes Vallet, in two volumes, a double CD with a broad selection of Vallet's music and a richly illustrated book covering all aspects of the Lute in the Dutch Golden Age (in English).
Aseem Al Ruhaily, along with his lute, sang Omani folk songs including Asheeri and Wagef Ala Babakam and Tal Laili.
During the conversation, both Rao and Lute reaffirmed the importance of the Homeland Security Dialogue to the India-US Strategic Partnership and expressed confidence that the dialogue will further strengthen India-US cooperation for the security of the two nations and their people.
Written by John Dowland, the finest composer of lute music of the Renaissance period, the pieces are musical portraits of the courtiers and ladies at court.
After teaching the lute in London, Berlin and The Hague Nigel North is professor at Indiana University''s Early Music Institute in the United States when he is not touring the world as a performer.
Among artists to be of the party are those who will be moderating lute workshops and those to take part in the international conference on the topic ''The Current Situation of Music across the World.
Cairo, (SANA) -- Syrian lute player Tamam Nazeh won the third award of the 18th session of Arab Music Festival and Conference entitled "Improvisation on Musical Instruments".
Division Two teams fared much better as GRA knocked Lute Oakfield for six, James Hartley, Shaun Sanderson, Dean Karim and a hat-trick from Andrew Newcombe rounding things off as Ryan Miller and Colin Davies replied for Lute.
MIDNIGHT LUTE, who last Saturday became the first horse to win the Breeders' Cup Sprint twice, has been retired to stud at Hill 'n' Dale Farm in Kentucky.