macaque


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

macaque

(məkäk`), name for Old World monkeysmonkey,
any of a large and varied group of mammals of the primate order. The term monkey includes all primates that do not belong to the categories human, ape, or prosimian; however, monkeys do have certain common features.
..... Click the link for more information.
 of the genus Macaca, related to mangabeys, mandrills, and baboons. All but one of the 19 species are found in Asia from Afghanistan to Japan, the Philippines, and Borneo. Macaques can be slight, with very long tails, or stocky, with short limbs and a short tail or, in a few species, no tail. They are highly intelligent and display a great variety of calls and facial expressions. A typical macaque is the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta) of S Asia. It is yellowish brown with a pale, naked face and a tail about half as long as the body. A large male may reach a body length of 2 ft (60 cm). Rhesus monkeys live in social groups of 25–60 individuals in forests and on rocky hillsides, ranging to high altitudes. Omnivorous feeders, they often raid cultivated fields and gardens. The rhesus monkey has been widely used in medical and other scientific experiments; the Rh blood factor, found in humans as well as monkeys, is named for it. The stump-tailed macaque (M. arctaides) is a nearly tailless, very hairy macaque with a naked pink face, found at high altitudes in SE Asia. One of its close relatives the Japanese macaque (M. fuscata) is the northernmost primate other than man. Its social organization has been extensively studied, and it has been found that there are culturally transmitted behavioral differences among different troops. The single non-Asian macaque is the so-called Barbary ape (M. sylvanus), a large, tailless species of NW Africa, with one colony on the Rock of Gibraltar; it is the only nonhuman primate found in Europe. Macaques are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
..... Click the link for more information.
, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Primates, family Cercopithecidae.

macaque

[mə′kak]
(vertebrate zoology)
The common name for 12 species of Old World monkeys composing the genus Macaca, including the Barbary ape and the rhesus monkey.

macaque

any of various Old World monkeys of the genus Macaca, inhabiting wooded or rocky regions of Asia and Africa. Typically the tail is short or absent and cheek pouches are present
References in periodicals archive ?
Park manager Gary Gilmour said: "The macaques are very inquisitive and will investigate novel items.
Macaque serum samples were inactivated by using [gamma]-irradiation (5 MRad) and removed from the maximum containment laboratory.
The victims had tried to fight the creature off, but it was determined to defend itself typical to macaques that perceive threats.
The new study, published July 25 in Scientific Reports by Kobinger and a different group of collaborators, found no evidence that sick macaques could give the virus to healthy monkeys through airborne particles.
Watching another troupe of rhesus macaques in India climbing to the top of a very high tower and then dive bombing into a cattle trough full of water purely for the adrenalin rush, there's very little difference between them and any group of kids diving off a jetty - except that the monkeys are better at climbing.
Nature observes the troop of endangered crested black macaques and explores what is causing their decline when The Funkiest Monkeys airs Wednesday, January 29 at 8 p.
Nishijo's laboratory studies the neural mechanisms responsible for emotion and fear in rhesus macaque monkeys, especially instinctive responses that occur without learning or memory.
Sixteen monkey parks in Japan, established in the 1950s, are a popular way for tourists to see and get up close to free-ranging troops of Japanese macaques.
CITES and governments must address the growing plundering of the macaque populations from their native forests in South East Asia to feed the international research industry.
Within several weeks of the transplants, the cells became engrafted within the three rhesus macaque monkeys that received them.
Macaque imitation starts sooner and occurs over a shorter time because these monkeys grow up faster and become part of a social group much more quickly that people or apes do.