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Music of or relating to the style of jazz that lies between the traditional and the modern



an American literary and sociopolitical magazine, published from 1911 to 1962. The magazine was called Masses in 1911–17, Liberator in 1918–24, New Masses in 1926–47, Masses and Mainstream in 1948–57, and Mainstream in 1957–62.

In the first decade of the 20th century, Mainstream attracted progressive writers, including J. Reed, W. O’Neill, and C. Sandburg. It printed a shortened translation of V. I. Lenin’s “Letters to American Workers” and M. Gorky’s memoirs about V. I. Lenin. In the fall of 1919, Mainstream became the organ of the Communist Party of the USA. In the 1930’s, after overcoming sectarian mistakes, Mainstream played an outstanding role in uniting American writers on a broad antifascist and general democratic platform. It printed works by T. Dreiser, E. Hemingway, T. Wolfe, E. Caldwell, and M. Gold.

Mainstream defended socialist realism and democratic and revolutionary national traditions and called for the assimilation of the methods of Soviet literature. In the late 1940’s and early 1950’s the magazine condemned decadent bourgeois art and McCarthyism and spoke out in favor of world peace. During those years, Mainstream printed P. Bonosky, J. H. Lawson, W. Du Bois, J. North, and S. Finkelstein.


Gilenson, B. A. “la videl rozhdenie novogo mira: Publitsistika Dzhona Rida 1917–1920 gg.” Voprosy literatury, 1961, no. 11.
Echoes of Revolt: “The Masses” 1911–1917. Edited by W. O’Neill. Chicago, 1966.
“New Masses”: An Anthology of the Rebel Thirties. Edited by J. North. New York, 1969.


References in periodicals archive ?
Instead, special needs youngsters will be integrated into mainstream schools.
The inability to enter the mainstream market, and growing competition from white-owned conglomerates in minority markets, forced Johnson to make a number of changes in his company.
2004) Conductive education: links with mainstream schools, Support for Learning, 19 (1), pp31-37.
At Alice Stevens School that fence between Alice Stevens (a special school) and Whitley Abbey (a mainstream school next door) went up for the protection of the Alice Stevens kids.
Although both romance and mainstream titles show how conflicts can be overcome, mainstream titles are often funny, gossipy, dramatic, weepy or scandalous.
The question of porn's entry into the mainstream of American culture comes up frequently in Green-field-Sanders's documentary, which, jokes aside, is vastly more compelling viewing than the slack tedium of the actual "Real Sex" programming on HBO.
It is with this spirit of protest and resolve that the blues artist challenges the so-called slave ethic of mainstream morality.
How do mainstream camps serve campers with disabilities?
Although mainstreamed students earned lower grades in the elementary school, only one student with disabilities across all three schools actually received a failing grade in the mainstream class.
It has been one of the greatest joys in my life to work for all of you," said Mainstream Energy board member Angiolo Laviziano to his team of 600 professionals.
What's more, the sweeping indictments are easily dismissed, since occasionally a disruptive piece of information or a dissenting voice does make its way into the mainstream media.