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a. a ground for legal action; matter giving rise to a lawsuit
b. the lawsuit itself
2. (in the philosophy of Aristotle) any of four requirements for a thing's coming to be, namely material (material cause), its nature (formal cause), an agent (efficient cause), and a purpose (final cause)


any immediate, or more indirect, factor precipitating an outcome. See also CAUSALITY AND CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP.



a phenomenon that directly determines or gives rise to another phenomenon, the effect. In the real world all phenomena and processes are in a state of universal connection and interaction. The concept of “cause” presupposes the singling out of a particular group of phenomena or a system, within the framework of which a causal relation is established between particular phenomena and processes.

Every phenomenon is grounded in several others and is determined by them, its causes. In the process of cognition the researcher inevitably goes beyond the mere description of facts and turns to an investigation of the laws of their origin, development, and functioning, seeking the causes that determine the corresponding properties of a particular object. The movement of thought from description to causal explanation is the movement of cognition from outer to inner, from phenomenon to essence.

As the basis and essence of the effect, the cause functions as the originating and determining element in the relationship between phenomena. The interconnection and mutual conditioning of phenomena take an innumerable variety of forms. Accordingly, the types of causes are extremely diverse. In modern science causes are classified by the most varied criteria. Thus, depending on the nature of the causal relations, causes are classified as ideal and material, informational and energetic (energeticheskie), dynamic and statistical, simple and compound, single-factor and multiple-factor, systemic and nonsystemic, external and internal, primary and nonprimary, objective and subjective, and so on.

It is customary to distinguish the cause from the circumstances of its operation. In the social sciences, causes are distinguished from reasons—the processes contributing to the formation and manifestation of causes. Consideration of the diversity of phenomena gives rise to the conception of causality as a fundamental feature of reality.



Actions, omissions, events, conditions, or a combination thereof, which led to the accident or incident investigation (ICAO).
References in periodicals archive ?
Speaking at the Council on Foreign Relations in Washington, she said drug gangs are "morphing into, or making common cause with, what we would consider an insurgency in Mexico and in Central America".
The Bharatiya Janata Party could have used the opportunity to show itself as a viable alternative to the UPA by putting forward concrete policy measures and making common cause with fellow Opposition parties.
This is a time when the Fabulous Invalid and the beleaguered critical community should be making common cause for their art.
However Doug also notes the importance of people affected by leprosy making common cause with other marginalised groups.
troops last spring, how much is the result of Iraqi Sunnis in Anbar province and elsewhere making common cause with the United States against Al Qaeda terrorists, and how much is because ethnic cleansing of some neighborhoods is complete and the ''enemies'' within have fled or been killed.
Not only do they represent a terrorist threat of their own, but they may be making common cause with al Qaeda.
And with the Culture Company and the City Council inextricably linked in public perception, there should be little surprise in finding business leaders and the Labour Party making common cause in the interests of getting value for money, and bringing an end to the interminable Big Dig.
On the other hand, people who come to the table because they think that interfaith work implies making common cause with diverse people on justice issues are likely to be just as turned off if they find that we are nothing but a mutual-enrichment club that arranges high teas full of polite talk.
Making common cause, his enemies had him deposed (August 403) by the rigged Synod of the Oak.
She concludes that economic self-interest would be a main motivation and that if gender and race appear to be barriers to advancement, there may be interest in making common cause with one's fellow workers.
Given that the British Empire was moribund anyway, was it ever worth making common cause, even rhetorically, with a tyrant like Stalin under the slogan of anti-imperialism?
In the last few days, the surviving elements of Saddam Hussein's criminal gang and the terrorists with whom they are making common cause have mounted a number of terrorist attacks aimed at stopping the progress that is being made toward building a free Iraq and to take the country back into the dark prison of tyranny.