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CARE

(Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), nonprofit, nonsectarian federation of agencies devoted to channeling relief and self-help materials to needy people in foreign countries. Organized in the United States (1945) to help war-ravaged Europe, CARE soon expanded its program to include developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Famous for its "CARE packages" of food and other necessities, CARE in now also involved in population, health care, land management, and small economic activity. It is now an international organization with 10 member countries and headquarters in Brussels.

care

  1. the work involved in supporting people who, because of physical frailty chronic illness or other forms of incapacity and disability, are incapable of leading an autonomous existence.
  2. other kinds of carework, e.g. in child-rearing (see CHILD CARE) and DOMESTIC LABOUR. This should be distinguished from care in sense 1.
Care in sense 1 operates over a wide range of social relations. A clear dividing line can be drawn between formal and informal care (see Abrams, 1978) as it exists in contemporary industrial societies. Formal care refers to services provided by agents of organization (statutory, voluntary and/or private) to people within clearly defined categories of need. Informal care is personally directed towards certain people who have a social relationship with their carer - usually a family member, and most often a spouse (Parker, 1993), or female relative.

Feminist sociologists (see also FEMINISM) have had a major impact on the understanding of care and caring relationships. They have argued that caring is ‘a gendered concept’ and that women constitute the majority of carers both informally, in the private sphere, and as low-paid care workers (‘care assistants’) in the formal sector (Finch and Groves, 1982; Ungerson, 1987; Lewis and Meredith, 1988). Studies of caring have examined the complex reasons why women care and the particular problems and difficulties they face. Social policies involving decarceration and COMMUNITY CARE, the decline of neighbour-hood and COMMUNITY associated with increasing SOCIAL (and geographical) MOBILITY, have placed an increasing burden on individual women carers. There is some evidence that women are reluctant to enter caring relationships with female relatives but lack viable alternatives (Cotterill, 1994). Recent research using data from the 1980 British General Household Survey has also pointed to the significant contribution made by male carers, particularly men who care for their wives (Arber and Gilbert, 1989).

care, custody, and control

Describes a standard exclusion in liability insurance policies. Under this exclusion, the liability insurance does not apply to damage to property in the care or custody of the insured, or to damage to property over which the insured is for any purpose exercising physical control.

CARE

agency devoted to channeling relief to needy people abroad. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 456]

care

in (or into) care Social welfare made the legal responsibility of a local authority by order of a court
References in periodicals archive ?
The advent of managed care on a large scale in the late 1980s and early 1990s was centered on what employers needed most--immediate cost containment.
I've also heard that the advent of managed care has forced a change in the way offices operate.
Others, like consumerism, labor shortages, and demographic trends, may force managed care as we know it to reinvent itself.
Developing Collaborations Between Managed Care and Delivery Systems
This was not the way that managed care was designed to operate.
The finding is surprising considering that, unlike managed care, traditional Medicare pays fixed prices for services and does not seek to improve the cost-efficiency of care.
His explanations are useful in understanding how physicians are compensated through managed care, and why that desperately matters.
Hastings, Drasner, and Michaels (1990) defined managed care as any formalized approach to medical service provision that favorably affects the price of services, the site at which services are received, or their utilization.
Matthew Holt, a director of the Institute for the Future in Menlo Park, CA, predicts that as Americans move inexorably from light to heavy managed care, the managed-care industry will double in size - despite lingering resistance from some hospitals and physicians.
The effect managed care has on a physician group's financial reporting can best be explained by an example.
This is the first time a specialized managed care advisory board has been integrated into the framework of a subacute care organization," said Robert N.
These laws, along with mandated-benefits legislation, reduce the effectiveness of managed care by limiting the plan's ability to control quality, cost and utilization.

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