manakin


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manakin

(măn`əkən), common name for stocky, tiny birds, most measuring less than 5 in. (12.5 cm) long, comprising 59 species in the family Pipridae. Manakins are found throughout the forested areas of Central and South America, where they feed on a diet of small fruits picked on the wing, and occasional insects. They are noted for their curiously modified wing feathers, with which the birds produce a series of whirring and snapping sounds during flight. The sexes differ markedly. The females of most of the species are inconspicuous olive green birds. Males are strikingly arrayed. Primarily greenish brown to black, they have brilliant patches of red, blue, and yellow, often with further ornamental modifications, such as the long central tail feathers of the Fandango birds, genus Chiroxiphia. In manakins, as in their relatives, the cotingas, male ornamentation is often coupled with elaborate mating displays. Among the Fandango birds, e.g., C. pareola, two or more males cooperate to perform a complex series of acrobatics in order to attract female onlookers. Gould's manakin, Manacus vitellinus, clears an area of the forest floor of litter between two saplings and performs a leaping dance, snapping his wings noisily and flitting from branch to branch. When he is joined by a female, mating occurs and the female flies off to lay her 2 pale brown, mottled eggs. The male is polygamous and mates with as many females as he attracts. The female weaves delicate hammock nests of grass, slung in ferns or saplings and typically overlying water. She is entirely responsible for incubation and care of the young. Manakins are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Passeriformes, family Pipridae.
References in periodicals archive ?
So the fact] that the club-winged manakin is carrying around such enlarged, solid and densely mineralized bones, must mean they have some great contribution to sound production," she said.
Manakin has already supported a number of high-profile bands including Incubus, Ludacris, The Killers, Under the Influence of Giants and Tommy Lee.
In one of the rare male-male duets, two long-tailed manakins advertise the location of a courtship perch by simultaneously singing "Toledo.
That's good news for male manakins, which rely on their violinlike songs to attract a mate.
At the Amazon site the woodpecker, cotinga, swallow and icterid groups showed significant size assortment, whereas the raptor, toucan and manakin groups did not (Size Assortment Analyses section).
The California quail screams Chicago, while the long-tailed manakin says Toledo.
But the female long-tailed manakin is possibly the choosiest chick in the animal kingdom.
NYSE: WTR) announced today the purchase of the wastewater system assets of Manakin Water and Sewerage Corporation and Manakin Farms, Inc.
Biltaeral gynandromorphy in a White-ruffed Manakin (Corapipo altera).
In relatively recent times in the evolution of life, some manakin birds of Central America split into two groups.
How does a club-winged manakin create the "ting" sound?
Scientists have found that the club-winged manakin of South America has specially adapted feathers to create a sound similar to that of a violin.