mandelonitrile

mandelonitrile

[man¦del·ō′nī·trəl]
(organic chemistry)
C6H5CH(OH)CN A liquid used to prepare bitter almond water. Also known as mandelic acid nitrile.
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Table 1: Popular Essential Oils in Soap and Cosmetic Formulations Common Name Vanilla Almond Sandalwood Oil Cinnamon Oil Lemon Oil Peppermint Oil Lavender Oil Rose Oil Botanical Source Vanilla planifolia Prunus dulcis Santalum album Cinnamomum zeylanicum Citrus sinensis Mentha piperita Lavandula angustifolia Rosa hybrida Key Chemical Constituents Vanillin, Ethyl vanillin Benzaldehyde, mandelonitrile [alpha]- and ([beta]-Santalol, lanceal Cinnamaldehyde d-Limonene, Geraniol, Citral I-Menthol Linalool Citral, [beta]-phenyl ethanol, other
In the body, the two sugar molecules are split off by the enzyme beta glucosidase (probably by bacteria in the colon) and are replaced by a glucuronic acid molecule to form a compound consisting of glucuronic acid bound to mandelonitrile (the benzaldehyde-cyanide radical).