mandible


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mandible

1. the lower jawbone in vertebrates
2. either of a pair of mouthparts in insects and other arthropods that are usually used for biting and crushing food
3. Ornithol either the upper or the lower part of the bill, esp the lower part

mandible

[′man·də·bəl]
(anatomy)
The bone of the lower jaw.
The lower jaw.
(invertebrate zoology)
Any of various mouthparts in many invertebrates designed to hold or bite into food.
References in periodicals archive ?
34) In the present case, the gnathotheca and skin healed well once the mandible was aligned.
A 3D CT (bright speed 16 slice CT, GE Healthcare) of the mandible was done which revealed an irregular lytic lesion in the alveolar process of right side of mandible extending from lateral incisor to retromolar trigone (Figures 4(a) and 4(b)).
bauri has long and short mandible that has short, emarginated to round, acute, and subapical tooth with blunt to absence of denticles in masticatory margin, emarginated basal margin nd with acute to wide acute basal angle.
2004), variation in mandible morphology also exists among leaf cutting ant species.
Cranial or facial bones are affected in about 30% of all cases (3), and the disorder usually affects the mandible (1).
metallifer grows some of the most elongated mandibles among beetles.
Uncontrolled incisor flaring could result in a rapid correction of the overjet, which would minimize the orthopaedic effects of the appliance on the maxilla and mandible.
2005; see Table 1), among which we highlight the following: 1) body generally ventrally curved, fusiform, 2) head quite large relative to the body, 3) vertex generally incised, 4) antennal area small and inconspicuous, 5) maxillae triangular, 6) sensorial tegumental differentiations on: a) each side lateral to the antennal area (one), b) clypeus (1 pair), b) labrum (2 pairs), c) each gena (one), d) each maxilla (2) and e) each side of the labium (2); 7) maxillary and labial palpi large, conspicuous, and more or less protruding, 8) mandible tridentate with a broad second tooth, and with striations on the base.
Professor Dave Hosken, of the Centre for Ecology and Conservation at the University of Exeter's Penryn Campus, said that a major finding of this study was that the most attractive males, those most preferred by females, were not the highly competitive males with large mandibles.
Spacing conditions were registered between all teeth in the mandible and maxilla and graded according to Kisling and Krebs criteria: overlapping of teeth, contact, no contact, and space [greater than or equal to] 2 mm.
A 48-year-old man was referred to our laryngology clinic, complaining of pain in the left mandible and numb chin syndrome.
2) images demonstrate a subtle fracture (arrows) of the mandible on the axial which is better appreciated on the coronal images.