mandrill

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mandrill,

large monkey, Mandrillus sphinx, of central W Africa, related to the baboonsbaboon,
any of the large, powerful, ground-living monkeys of the genus Papio, also called dog-faced monkeys. Five subspecies live in Africa, with one species extending into the Arabian peninsula.
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. Mandrills are found in forests, while baboons live in open country. The fur of the mandrill is mostly dark brown, but the bare areas—face and buttocks—are patterned in bright colors that are especially spectacular in the adult male, the most colorful of all mammals. The long, heavy doglike muzzle has bright red skin covering the chin, mouth, and nose and extending upward in a narrow strip to the striking, close-set, yellow-brown eyes. The cheeks are bright blue and are folded into an elaborate pattern of ridges. The fur around the eyes is black, and the beard and the edges of the mane are pale yellow. The buttock pads are bright blue, red, and purple. The tail is a short stump. Male mandrills, about 3 ft (90 cm) long, are considerably larger than females and have enormous canine teeth that they display in yawnlike threatening gestures. Mandrills travel on the ground in small family groups, feeding chiefly on insects and vegetation. Powerful animals, and formidable when provoked, they are retiring in habits and avoid contact with humans. They are extremely difficult to observe in the wild. The closely related drill, M. leucophaeus, is also a forest dweller. It is brown with a black face partially outlined in red; the buttock pads are pink. The mandrill and the drill are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Primates, family Cercopithecidae.

mandrill

[′man·drəl]
(vertebrate zoology)
Mandrillus sphinx. An Old World cercopithecoid monkey found in west-central Africa and characterized by large red callosities near the ischium and by blue ridges on each side of the nose in males.

mandrill

an Old World monkey, Mandrillus sphinx, of W Africa. It has a short tail and brown hair, and the ridged muzzle, nose, and hindquarters are red and blue
References in periodicals archive ?
The researchers worked on a strategy to provide more cover for the mandrills, and tested a technique which involved planting shrubs between the monkeys' viewing windows and the visitors' platforms.
Mandrills live in groups called hordes and have an omnivorous diet consisting mostly of fruits and insects.
It was only when Mr Laidre, of the University of California, spent 100 hours studying the mandrills in 2007 and 2008 that he noticed the significance of the gesture.
TAKE A SNIFF Mandrills are thought to use smell to find a mate.
Natural simian foamy virus infection in wild-caught gorillas, mandrills and drills from Cameroon and Gabon.
Mandrills are the fifth species of Old World monkey seen deliberately modifying tools.
Baboons, gorillas, barbary apes, spider monkeys, woolly monkeys, rhesus monkeys, celebes monkeys, celeb monkeys (I'm thinking the one who hung around with Tarzan and that bloke which starred in Every Which Way But Loose), capuchins, tufted capuchins, tamarins, emperor tamarins, langurs, spectacled langurs, mandrills, mangabey, macaques, marmosets, howlers and - the very funkiest of the all, as immortalised by The Goodies' 1975 hit single - the gibbon.
In Japan, similar studies are being conducted with chimpanzees, mandrills, and gibbons.
To see if other primate faces convey enough information to determine relatedness, the scientists tested whether humans could see a family resemblance in chimpanzees, lowland mountain gorillas, mandrills and chacma baboons.
The second lineage, the RV1 group, comprises the rhadinoviruses of Old World primates, including those of humans, chimpanzees, gorillas, African green monkeys, mandrills, and macaques.
Yet, except for the bright colors of mandrills, they've attracted little research, she says.
Washington, Nov 25 (ANI): Mandrills monkeys, a species closely related to humans, sniff out potential mates with different genetic makeup in order to have healthy and strong offspring, according to a new study.