manes


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manes

(mā`nēz), in Roman religion, spirits of the dead. Originally, they were called di manes, a collective divinity of the dead. Manes could also refer to the realm of the dead and, later, to the individual souls of the dead. Eventually, the Romans placated the manes with offerings at the graves of the dead. In later times, when the family tomb was introduced into burial custom, the di manes were identified with the di parentes, the ancestors of the family, and as such watched over the welfare of the family along with the lares and penates.

Mánes

 

a family of Czech painters.

Antonin Mánes. Born Nov. 3,1784, in Prague; died there Dec. 23, 1843. Landscape painter; one of the founders of the national school of painting.

In the early years of the 19th century, A. Mánes studied at the Prague Academy of Arts. In 1836 he became a teacher at the academy. Influenced by classicism and romanticism, Mánes informally and poetically yet truthfully depicted his homeland and architectural monuments of the past (View of Hradčany, 1821, City Museum, Prague).

Josef Mánes. Born May 12, 1820, in Prague; died there Dec. 9, 1871. Son of A. Mánes.

J. Mánes studied at the Prague Academy of Arts under his father, F. Tkadlik, and C. Ruben from 1835 to 1845 and at the Academy of Arts in Munich from 1843 to 1848. His early career was influenced by the Nazarenes. A participant in the Prague Uprising of 1848, Mánes addressed his work to the lives of the common people. In his major works he presented a heroic, generalized image of the Czech peasant (decoration of the dial of the clock of the Prague Town Hall, oil, 1864-66, now in the City Museum). Mánes painted portraits (Věndulakova, 1854, National Gallery, Prague) and panoramic landscapes of the countryside (Labe Kraj, 1863, National Gallery, Prague). He also was a graphic artist (various drawings; illustrations for the Královédvor Manuscript, 1857-59).

Kvido Mánes. Born July 17, 1828, in Prague; died there Aug. 5, 1880. Son of A. Mánes.

K. Mánes studied at the Prague Academy of Arts from 1838 to 1851 and in Dusseldorf under B. Vautier from 1868 to 1870. Using broad brushstrokes, he painted scenes from the lives of urban dwellers and children.

REFERENCES

Loriš, J. Quido Mánes. Prague, 1937.
Lamac, M. Josef Mánes. Prague, 1956.
Reitharova, E. Antonin Mánes. Prague, 1967. (Bibliography on pages 119-24.)

manes

spirits of the dead. [Rom. Rel.: Leach, 672]
See: Death
References in classic literature ?
Come," said Tarzan suddenly and grasping the lion's mane with his left hand he moved toward the other lions, his companion pacing at his side.
At such times, confronted by three sets of savage teeth, the young wolf stopped precipitately, throwing himself back on his haunches, with fore-legs stiff, mouth menacing, and mane bristling.
The charioteers drove near by their horses with beautiful manes, and the wide earth rang with the beat of their hoofs as they rushed along.
Benassis stood with his hand on his horse's mane as he spoke, ready to spring into the saddle, but making no effort to do so, as though the thoughts that stirred in him were but little in keeping with rapid movements.
In the stall next to mine stood a little fat gray pony, with a thick mane and tail, a very pretty head, and a pert little nose.
Sea Catch was fifteen years old, a huge gray fur seal with almost a mane on his shoulders, and long, wicked dog teeth.
The beast shied, opened its wide nostrils and tossed its mane, then rearing high up in the air, its hind feet slipped and it fell with its rider down the steep mountain side.
Raoul at the same time seized one of the young man's hands and placed it on the mane, which it grasped with the tenacity of a drowning man.
The light from the hearth quivered upon the flowers and foliage that were wrought into its oaken back; and the lion's head at the summit seemed almost to move its jaws and shake its mane.
Bruno took a good handful of mane in each hand, and made believe to guide this new kind of steed.
I haven't the faintest idea," said the Tin Woodman, and the Lion shook his shaggy mane and looked thoughtful.
As he passed through the boat that had been occupied by Thurid and the therns he emitted a single low growl, and when he came beside me upon the ledge and my hand rested upon his neck I felt his short mane bristling with anger.