2]) allowing us to calculate the root mean squared deviation (RMSD) ,  that represents the mean deviation of the values of the manipulated variable
u(i) with respect to the steady state value of the manipulated variable
In this algorithm explicit dynamic model of the plant is used to predict the effect of future actions of the manipulated variable
on the output.
There are usually three types of constraints: the constraints of the control increments, of the manipulated variable
and of the output variable.
MPC is found not be successful for set-point tracking under modeling errors for relatively large step changes, due to constraints on manipulated variable
The Federal Reserve Board tries to keep the economy stable using one manipulated variable
, namely interest rates.
3]) are chosen as manipulated variables
to control the level of the tank1 and tank3.
Note that the state of the Manipulated Variable
is not displayed at all.
The optimal sequence of the manipulated variable
is calculated over control horizon based on the current system space.
k,l] is a scalar value that specifies a bound over the largest variability of the manipulated variable
k at the time step i=1.
0] and manipulated variable
u(0) are inversely proportional.
Also, from the controller design perspective it can be concluded that SS cannot be considered as a proper manipulated variable
factor that responds to a change in the manipulated variable