manslaughter


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manslaughter,

homicidehomicide
, in law, the taking of human life. Homicides that are neither justifiable nor excusable are considered crimes. A criminal homicide committed with malice is known as murder, otherwise it is called manslaughter.
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 committed without justification or excuse but distinguished from murdermurder,
criminal homicide, usually distinguished from manslaughter by the element of malice aforethought. The most direct case of malicious intent occurs when the killer is known to have adopted the deliberate intent to commit the homicidal act at some time before it is actually
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 by the absence of the element of malicemalice,
in law, an intentional violation of the law of crimes or torts that injures another person. Malice need not involve a malignant spirit or the definite intent to do harm.
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 aforethought. Modern criminal statutes usually divide it into degrees, the most common distinction being between voluntary and involuntary manslaughter. Voluntary manslaughter is a killing done in the heat of passion provoked by acts of the victim such as to cause a reasonable man to act rashly and without reflection. Such provocation may include violent assault and an unlawful attempt to arrest him, but not mere insulting words or gestures. Involuntary manslaughter is a killing in which there is no intention to kill at all. It occurs when the killing is the result of the commission of a crime that is neither a felonyfelony
, any grave crime, in contrast to a misdemeanor, that is so declared in statute or was so considered in common law. In early English law a felony was a heinous act that canceled the perpetrator's feudal rights and forfeited his lands and goods to the king, thus depriving
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 nor an act likely to cause great bodily harm or when it is the result of a lawful act done in a criminal manner, e.g., a case of negligencenegligence,
in law, especially tort law, the breach of an obligation (duty) to act with care, or the failure to act as a reasonable and prudent person would under similar circumstances.
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. The advent of the automobile caused many manslaughter cases that arise from reckless and careless driving; in the statutes of some states of the United States such killing is a separate crime.

manslaughter

Law the unlawful killing of one human being by another without malice aforethought
References in periodicals archive ?
A dedicated police and Health and Safety Executive major incident room continues to investigate corporate manslaughter, gross negligence manslaughter and serious health and safety at work offences," he said.
Police will seek to extend the pre-trial custody when it is reviewed next month, again requesting he be held on the charge on manslaughter, Buch-Jepsen said.
But the Supreme Court ruled joint enterprise law was wrongly interpreted and ordered a retrial on murder and manslaughter charges.
Dean Doggett and Jamie Leyshon, both 26, admitted the manslaughter of Mr Letherby, who died on April 17 following violent scenes outside the De Winton pub in Tonypandy.
A tearful Allan Young, 36, questioned whether the public interest was best served in attempting to convict him after he was found not guilty of the manslaughter of Michael Winn.
Under a plea agreement reached with prosecutors, Akers was allowed to plead guilty to second- degree manslaughter instead of first-degree manslaughter, the crime she was indicted on.
Yesterday, police announced that pit manager Malcolm Fyfield, 57, has been charged with four counts of gross negligence manslaughter.
The seaman's manslaughter statute was first passed by Congress in 1838 after a string of deadly steamboat accidents.
The Justice Department indicated in a statement that in addition to the resolution of charges against BP, Robert Kaluza, 62 and Donald Vidrine, 65, whom are considered "the highest-ranking BP supervisors onboard the Deepwater Horizon on April 20, 2010, are alleged to have engaged in negligent and grossly negligent conduct in a 23-count indictment charging violations of the federal involuntary manslaughter and seaman's manslaughter statutes and the Clean Water Act.
Wood had already admitted health and safety breaches following the accident but jurors could not reach a verdict on the more serious charge of manslaughter after eight hours of deliberations.
MP Ali Shamtoot argued that tougher penalties were needed, particularly in the case of policemen charged with manslaughter in connection with civilian deaths.
Richard Vaughan Williams, 42, of Priory Close, Hawarden; Kevin Palliser, 59, of Rishworth Rise, Shaw; and Graham Coupe, 59, of Hampshire Close, Glossop, Derbyshire, are each accused of manslaughter by gross negligence.