manslaughter


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manslaughter,

homicidehomicide
, in law, the taking of human life. Homicides that are neither justifiable nor excusable are considered crimes. A criminal homicide committed with malice is known as murder, otherwise it is called manslaughter.
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 committed without justification or excuse but distinguished from murdermurder,
criminal homicide, usually distinguished from manslaughter by the element of malice aforethought. The most direct case of malicious intent occurs when the killer is known to have adopted the deliberate intent to commit the homicidal act at some time before it is actually
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 by the absence of the element of malicemalice,
in law, an intentional violation of the law of crimes or torts that injures another person. Malice need not involve a malignant spirit or the definite intent to do harm.
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 aforethought. Modern criminal statutes usually divide it into degrees, the most common distinction being between voluntary and involuntary manslaughter. Voluntary manslaughter is a killing done in the heat of passion provoked by acts of the victim such as to cause a reasonable man to act rashly and without reflection. Such provocation may include violent assault and an unlawful attempt to arrest him, but not mere insulting words or gestures. Involuntary manslaughter is a killing in which there is no intention to kill at all. It occurs when the killing is the result of the commission of a crime that is neither a felonyfelony
, any grave crime, in contrast to a misdemeanor, that is so declared in statute or was so considered in common law. In early English law a felony was a heinous act that canceled the perpetrator's feudal rights and forfeited his lands and goods to the king, thus depriving
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 nor an act likely to cause great bodily harm or when it is the result of a lawful act done in a criminal manner, e.g., a case of negligencenegligence,
in law, especially tort law, the breach of an obligation (duty) to act with care, or the failure to act as a reasonable and prudent person would under similar circumstances.
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. The advent of the automobile caused many manslaughter cases that arise from reckless and careless driving; in the statutes of some states of the United States such killing is a separate crime.

manslaughter

Law the unlawful killing of one human being by another without malice aforethought
References in periodicals archive ?
He added the decision to accept guilty pleas to the alternative manslaughter charge had been discussed with the victim's family and investigating officers.
It was because of those four guys that we were able to pull off the many unseen hat-tricks and shoe shuffles that make MansLaughter work.
But the agreement also calls for a 45-month sentence on the third- degree assault charge, to be served consecutively to the manslaughter sentence.
The company which owns the colliery, MNS Mining Ltd, has also been summonsed to answer four counts of corporate manslaughter.
As The Wall Street Journal and others have noted, prosecutors face a lower bar in proving seaman's manslaughter than they do in ordinary manslaughter cases.
Wood, 66, a director of Mr Duddin's employer, Scotts of Whittington, in Northumberland, was accused of manslaughter by gross negligence.
Policemen are being prosecuted for manslaughter for killing people, despite coming armed with birdshot and knowing that people could be seriously hurt or even killed," he said during yesterday's session.
Last year also saw the introduction of the definitive sentencing guidelines, which state that the appropriate fine for corporate manslaughter will seldom be less than pounds 500,000 and may be measured in millions of pounds.
Another man, Daryll Tuzzio, of Perry Barr, was sentenced to eight years in a young offenders' institution after being convicted of Alisha's manslaughter and arson with intent to endanger life.
The accused, who had 23 previous convictions, had pleaded guilty to the manslaughter of Mr Sharkey, 28, in an apartment at Park View, Blackcastle in Navan, Co Meath on May 17, 2009.
Corporate manslaughter became a criminal offence in 2008.
Jackson's family say Murray should be charged with premeditated manslaughter.