mantid


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Related to mantid: praying mantis, Mantidfly

mantid

or

mantis,

name applied to the large, slender, slow-moving, winged insectsinsect,
invertebrate animal of the class Insecta of the phylum Arthropoda. Like other arthropods, an insect has a hard outer covering, or exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed legs. Adult insects typically have wings and are the only flying invertebrates.
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 of the family Mantidae in the order Mantodea. Predatory insects, mantids have strong, elongate, spiny front legs, used for grasping prey. While lying in wait for its prey, a mantid holds its front legs in an upraised position suggestive of prayer; hence the Greek name mantis, or prophet, and the common name, "praying mantis."

The prothorax, or front portion of the body, is very long in proportion to its width, and the head, with its two large, protruding, compound eyes, can turn in any direction. Members of the 1,800 mantid species range in length from 1 to 5 in. (2.5–12.5 cm). Their typically green or brown color, in some cases with irregular patterns, camouflages them among the leaves and twigs in which they are found.

Mantids are voracious eaters, feeding on insects and other invertebrates, including other mantids. They may even catch small vertebrates, such as frogs and birds. Mantids are sometimes used by gardeners, in place of chemical pesticides, to combat insect pests. Often the female eats the male after mating. The female lays 200 or more eggs contained in a papery case, usually attached to leaves or twigs. The young hatch as bright yellow nymphs (see metamorphosismetamorphosis
[Gr.,=transformation], in zoology, term used to describe a form of development from egg to adult in which there is a series of distinct stages. Many insects, amphibians, mollusks, crustaceans, and fishes undergo metamorphosis, which may involve a change in habitat,
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), resembling the adults except for their smaller size and lack of wings.

Mantids are found in all warm regions of the world, and are especially numerous in the tropics. There are about 20 native species in the S and W United States, known regionally as devil's coach horses or mule killers. The commonest of the southern species is the Carolina mantid, Stagmomantis carolina, about 2 in. (5 cm) long. Two introduced species, the Praying mantis or European mantid, Mantis religiosa (about 2 in./5.1 cm long), and the Chinese mantid, Tenodera aridifolia (up to 4 in./10.2 cm long), are now common in many parts of the United States.

Mantids are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Mantodea, family Mantidae.

References in periodicals archive ?
On 28 March 2007, we recorded height and vegetation type of oviposition and also orientation using compasses for 149 mantid egg cases.
The shape of the pronotum is of subsigmoide aspect laterally, reminiscent of the mantids of Toxodera Serville, 1837, an Old World genus, and by the tuberculate dorsum of pronotum and abdominal foliaceous extensions and other characters described above by this author.
In the bordered mantid, a male with his head still attached mates for 4 hours on average, but Maxwell observed headless encounters that lasted up to 24 hours.
The Chinese mantid, Tenodera sinensis, has a wide global distribution, occurring through most of temperate Asia (Yan et al.
When a little creature gets close, the mantid snatches it with those spiky legs.
Chromatophotina a remarkable new genus of praying mantid from the Neotropical region and its two new species (Mantodea: Photinainae).
Undoubtedly White found satisfaction greater than that of science alone when (contra Oarlington) he described an achiasmate meiosis in a mantid during his first period of research in the United States in the late 1930s.
A discussion on the mode of origin of mantid multiple systems can be found in del Cerro et al.
Optimal foraging: attack strategy of a mantid, American Naturalist 110:141-151.
After being placed on the island, each mantid began to scan its surroundings.