many-body problem


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many-body problem

[′men·ē ′bäd·ē ‚präb·ləm]
(mechanics)
The problem of predicting the motions of three or more objects obeying Newton's laws of motion and attracting each other according to Newton's law of gravitation. Also known as n-body problem.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the 1992 edition of his book A Guide to Feynman Diagrams in the Many-Body Problem, physicist Richard Mattuck compares the dilemma to trying to describe a galloping horse and all the grains of dust that it kicks up.
study the solution to the Kohn-Sham equation in the density functional theory of the quantum many-body problem in the context of the electronic structure of the smoothly deformed macroscopic crystals.
With these tools in hand, the nonlinear many-body problem, the molecular dynamics, the low dimensionality and nanostructures are then explored.
It seems that a truly rigorous and elegant solution will be achieved only by finding a mathematical transformation that reduces the many-body problem to a one-body problem.
Among the topics are the validity of random matrix theories for many-particle systems, the angular-momentum dependence of the density of states, group theory and the propagation of operator averages, electromagnetic sum rules by spectral distribution methods, compound-nuclear tests of time reversal invariance in the nucleon-nucleon interaction, strength functions and spreading widths of simple shell model configurations, and underlying symmetries of realistic interactions and the nuclear many-body problem.
Objective: The derivation of macroscopic (effective) equations from microscopic considerations is a long-standing challenge of the mathematical analysis of many-body problems.
The rest of the book covers new elements of resonance theory, waves in periodic structures, wave mechanics on lattices, systems of coupled Schrodinger equations, and multidimensional and many-body problems.