maquiladoras


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Related to maquiladoras: Maquilladora, Maquiladora System

maquiladoras

(mäkē'lädō`räs), Mexican assembly plants that manufacture finished goods for export to the United States. The maquiladoras are generally owned by non-Mexican corporations. They take advantage of plentiful lower-cost Mexican labor, advantageous tariff regulations (lessened somewhat as a result of the North American Free Trade Agreement), and close proximity to U.S. markets to produce such items as home appliances and automobiles. Starting on a small scale in the mid-1960s, the maquiladoras were initially almost entirely located in the N border region of Mexico. They grew dramatically after Mexico substantially revised its economic regulations concerning foreign investment in the early 1980s. From 1983 to 1990, the maquiladora industry grew at approximately 20% annually, and it grew even more sharply with the U.S. economic boom in the late 1990s; it is one of Mexico's primary sources of foreign exchange. The maquiladoras stimulated rapid population migration to the border region, particularly at its eastern and western extremities (Matamoros/Brownsville and Tijuana/San Diego). After 2000 the number of plants and workers they employed declined; in 2002 some 3,600 plants employed approximately 960,000 workers. Beginning in the late 1990s an increasing number of the plants were located in the Mexican heartland, and many plants now use automation extensively.
References in periodicals archive ?
The kidnapping took place in the northern city of San Pedro Sula, where the maquiladoras are concentrated and where the crime rate is especially high.
Due to the above, it is estimated that the Mexican manufacturing sector is in for a period of slow growth, affecting both the companies focused on the domestic market and the maquiladoras.
Mercy Sister Betty Campbell and Carmelite Father Peter Hinde, founders of a community of contemplation and political action called Tabor House and living in a barrio of maquiladora workers in Juarez, say it takes three maquiladora wages to support a family.
Today, the maquiladoras and their low-cost labor make products ranging from textiles to electronics to chemicals.
With their paychecks disappearing as they too are fired or resign from the maquiladoras, many of these women are turning to Benitez and CETRAC to make do.
taxpayers that own their maquiladoras do not maintain separate books and records for the two corporations; they simply combine the financial results.
In Matamoros, 129 maquiladoras employ 58,351 people, according to a recent estimate in the trade magazine Twin Plants, up from 76 facilities and 38,268 workers just before NAFTA.
In Tijuana, there are more than 600 maquiladora factories, enjoying both Mexican and American trade privileges, and employing more than 140,000 workers.
Pay at Mandarin and other Salvadoran maquiladoras is between fifty-six and sixty-nine cents an hour, according to the National Labor Committee.
For women workers in the maquiladoras, being pregnant or expressing an intention to become pregnant is tantamount to declaring themselves unemployable, according to an August Human Rights Watch report, "Sex Discrimination in Mexico's Maquiladora Sector.
The second reason is that mo and more maquiladoras are making products for the Mexican market, and their special tax status gives them an unfair advantage over their Mexican competitors, Szatkowski said.
tariffs and shorter border crossings that make maquiladoras an even better deal.