Marathon

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Marathon

(mâr`əthŏn), village and plain, ancient Greece, 20 mi (32 km) NE of Athens. Here the Athenians and Plataeans under MiltiadesMiltiades
, d. 489 B.C., Athenian general who commanded at Marathon. He succeeded his uncle as ruler (c.524 B.C.) of an Athenian dependency in the Gallipoli Peninsula. He accompanied (c.513) Darius in the Persian expedition into Scythia.
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 defeated a Persian army in 490 B.C. (see Persian WarsPersian Wars,
500 B.C.–449 B.C., series of conflicts fought between Greek states and the Persian Empire. The writings of Herodotus, who was born c.484 B.C., are the great source of knowledge of the history of the wars.
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).

Marathon

 

an ancient Greek settlement on a plain of the same name in Attica (40 km northeast of Athens), in the vicinity of which a battle occurred on Sept. 13, 490 B.C., during the Greco-Persian Wars.

The Greek forces (11,000) were formed into a phalanx by the military leader Miltiades at the entrance to the Marathon valley; as a defense against a flanking movement by the Persian cavalry the strengthened flanks of the phalanx were protected by forested mountain spurs and abatis that were brought out in front. The Greeks attacked the Persians (about 20,000), who had landed by ship, with a “running march,” but they were counterattacked by Persian infantry bowmen, who broke through the weak center of the Greek phalanx. At the same time the strong elite detachments of Greeks overran the Persian cavalry and light infantry on the flanks and then defeated the Persian infantry in the center. Since the Greeks interrupted their pursuit of the Persians fleeing to the shore in order to bury their dead (192 men), the Persians managed to board their ships and sail to sea. At Marathon, Greek hoplites, moving in phalanx formation, defeated the more numerous but less organized and cohesive Persian Army.

marathon

modern races, more than 26 miles, commemorate feat of Pheidippides. [World Sports: Benét, 633]

Marathon

plain near Athens where Greeks defeated Persians in 490 B.C. [Gk. Hist.: Benét, 633]
See: Battle

marathon

a race on foot of 26 miles 385 yards (42.195 kilometres): an event in the modern Olympics

Marathon

a plain in Attica northeast of Athens: site of a victory of the Athenians and Plataeans over the Persians (490 bc)
References in periodicals archive ?
As part of ASICS' "Run It Forward" program, runners will be surprised by ASICS athlete and the fastest America male marathoner Ryan Hall, with the opportunity to upgrade their current footwear to ASICS, including other prizes and surprises.
com thread discussing GPS use--a quick scroll of which revealed dozens of entries from distance runners--one Boston marathoner and first-time GPS user wrote, "What was really nice was having the average pace set up on the custom page, which let me know where I was [in relation to my overall time goal].
Approximately 7,800 runners registered for Sunday's Eugene Marathon and Half-Marathon, and early on, first-time marathoner David Laney was sardined among them, waiting for the pack to thin out so he could get a look at the leader.
In addition, Marathoners from Here is another project established since May of 2002.
The best-laid plans can falter, and the huge disappointment of having to bail mid-race is something many first-time marathoners confront.
As the competitive marathoners moved on and the boulevard filled up with recreational runners, the groups of friends and family bearing placards (``Go Craig
will provide fitness trackers and finish-line chips for marathoners to wear on their shoelaces as well as streaming video and updated online maps for the marathon Web site.
The marathoners, from the US, Canada, the United Kingdom and Bermuda have adopted the theme "Running to Remember," to honor the memories of friends and colleagues who lost their lives when the World Trade Center towers were destroyed.
Hitting the wall" is the dreaded moment experienced by many marathoners when your muscle glycogen stores run dry and the body shuts down.
When they have to make those sacrifices, that's part of it,'' said Terry Jackubowski, who coaches the marathoners with Gal and is a classroom adviser for the Los Angeles Unified School District.
Marathoners and marathon-relay runners have told us they really like this year's images," said Bob Hancook, president of the marathon's executive committee.