markup language


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Related to markup language: hypertext markup language, XML, standard generalized markup language, EXtensible Markup Language

markup language

[′märk‚əp ‚laŋ·gwij]
(computer science)
A set of rules and procedures for markup.

markup language

A set of labels that are embedded within text to distinguish individual elements or groups of elements for display or identification purposes. The labels are typically known as "tags."

For rendering (displaying and printing), markup languages indicate where font and other layout changes start and stop. For content identification, markup languages turn a text document into the equivalent of a database record in which individual data elements can be located for processing. In a database, elements are placed in a predefined structure. In a document, data elements reside in a freeform structure like text and must be identified with tags that mark their beginning and end.

It All Started with SGML
SGML is the granddaddy markup language that served as the foundation for HTML and XML. HTML is used for rendering the document, and XML is used for identifying the content of the document. See XML vocabulary, microformat, SGML, HTML and XML.
References in periodicals archive ?
Originally intended to foster the exchange of text-based data between organizations, SGML is a language syntax used to create markup language tags for different types of documents so that their content and formatting can be dealt with separately.
With a voice markup language like VoiceXML, content providers will be able to develop voice applications using standard Web-development tools, publish applications on an existing Web server, and have a service provider handle VoiceXML interpretation.
Also, IBM joins AT&T, Lucent Technologies and Motorola as a promoter of the Forum and is contributing its Speech Markup Language technology.
XML is the most modern and powerful markup language.
The article on "Markup Languages," explains what a markup language is and how it impacts work on the Web.
The specification, called NaVigation Markup Language (NVML), is intended to allow service providers to pinpoint, with near precision, the geographic location of users of mobile devices.