marmot


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marmot,

ground-living rodentrodent,
member of the mammalian order Rodentia, characterized by front teeth adapted for gnawing and cheek teeth adapted for chewing. The Rodentia is by far the largest mammalian order; nearly half of all mammal species are rodents.
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 of the genus Marmota, of the squirrelsquirrel,
name for small or medium-sized rodents of the family Sciuridae, found throughout the world except in Australia, Madagascar, and the polar regions; it is applied especially to the tree-living species.
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 family, closely related to the ground squirrel, prairie dog, and chipmunk. Marmots are found in Eurasia and North America; the best-known North American marmot is the woodchuckwoodchuck
or groundhog,
common name of a North American species of marmot, Marmota monax. This large rodent is found in open woods and ravines throughout most of Canada and the NE United States. Its heavyset body is about 2 ft (60 cm) long, excluding the 6 in.
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, M. monax, of Canada and the E United States. Marmots inhabit plains or open country in mountainous regions. They live in burrows (some species in large colonies). They hibernate during the winter and mate immediately thereafter. Active during the day, they feed chiefly on grasses and other green plants. Marmots have stout bodies, rounded ears, and powerful digging claws. They can sit upright. They vary in length from 15 to 25 in. (38–64 cm), excluding 5- to 12-in. (16- to 30-cm) bushy tails. The coarse fur, which is usually brown on the upper parts, is often tipped with white. The yellow-bellied marmot, M. flaviventris, is found in W North America from S Canada to New Mexico. The hoary marmot, M. caligata, also called whistler from its shrill warning call, is found in Siberia and from Alaska S to Idaho. A colonial animal, it lives in mountains above the timberline. Largest of the marmots, it is also distinguished by its pale yellow-gray fur and black and white head. The Alpine marmot, M. marmota, lives below the snow level in the Alps. The bobac, M. bobak, is a marmot found in mountains from E Europe through central Asia. It is hunted for its flesh by the Mongols, and its fur is used as imitation marten. Marmots are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Rodentia, family Sciuridae.

marmot

[′mär·mət]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of several species of stout-bodied, short-legged burrowing rodents of the genus Marmota in the squirrel family Sciuridae.

marmot

1. any burrowing sciurine rodent of the genus Marmota, of Europe, Asia, and North America. They are heavily built, having short legs, a short furry tail, and coarse fur
2. prairie marmot another name for prairie dog
References in periodicals archive ?
Although a glass or two of wine each day is good for the heart, "over that you get no additional benefit," said Marmot.
Nowhere is lack of empowerment more obvious than in the plight of women in many parts of the world," Marmot said.
Professor Marmot says of his selection, "For 30 years I have had a passion to understand the causes of social disparities in health.
And a new enclosure for the prairie marmots will be created, featuring a children's underground maze.
A listener could easily think, "Oh, a marmot," and drift back to checking airline fares or fretting about the stock market.
MINSK: A special investigative commission has found Marmot, a 41-year- old elephant, not guilty of killing his keeper, a spokesman for Belarus's Nature Ministry said yesterday.
Marmot was knighted by Queen Elizabeth in 2000 for his work in epidemiology and understanding health inequalities.
Coventry has now been chosen to join the Marmot Network, joining six other local authorities including Stoke, Newcastle and Bristol.
Marmot Basin -Four hours from Alberta's capital city of Edmonton, is Jasper National Park's Marmot Basin resort.
We're just trying to identify them within the marmot and distinguish what's different about the neurons in a marmot compared to a rat or other animal that does not go into hibernation.
And Professor Michael Marmot, of University College London, says he has three decades of research to back up his theory.
Professor Michael Marmot gathered evidence showing that the higher up the social ladder people are, the longer they are likely to live.