marshal


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Related to marshal: air marshal

marshal

1. (in England) an officer, usually a junior barrister, who accompanies a judge on circuit and performs miscellaneous secretarial duties
2. in the US
a. a Federal court officer assigned to a judicial district whose functions are similar to those of a sheriff
b. (in some states) the chief police or fire officer
3. (formerly in England) an officer of the royal family or court, esp one in charge of protocol
4. an obsolete word for ostler

Marshal

 

(1) A court title in medieval France; the king’s servant who looked after his horses. In the 12th century the marshal became a court official who was the master of the king’s bodyguard, cavalry guard, and stables. Between 1180 and 1223 the title of “marshal of France” was introduced for the king’s marshal, as distinct from the marshals maintained by big feudal lords. In the 13th through 15th centuries the marshal commanded part of the royal army.

(2) The highest military rank (grade) in the armies of several countries, introduced in France in the 16th century. The marshal carried a baton as a special sign of distinction. The rank of marshal was abolished during the Great French Revolution in 1793 and restored by Napoleon I on May 19, 1804. In the 19th century the rank of marshal was introduced in Spain, Turkey (musir), Italy, and Japan, and in the 20th century in Great Britain (only in the air force—vice-marshal, marshal, chief marshal of aviation, and marshal of the Royal Air Force), India, Poland, Finland, Rumania, China (where it existed until 1965), the Korean People’s Democratic Republic, the Mongolian People’s Republic, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, and several other countries. In Great Britain, Prussia (later Germany), Austria (later Austria-Hungary), and Russia the rank of field marshal corresponded to the rank of marshal. In the USSR the rank of marshal of the Soviet Union was introduced in 1935, and the ranks of marshal of a combat arm and chief marshal of a combat arm were introduced in 1943.

(3) In Poland the title of several civilian officials (marshal of the Sejm and vice-marshal of the Sejm).

marshal

An English word that means to arrange into a particular order as a means of preparation. See data marshalling.
References in periodicals archive ?
Workshops are now taking place in the run-up to the showpiece event and a total of 850 marshals are being readied to ensure things run smoothly.
In the veterans' category, Wing Commander (R) Umar Khan, Wing Commander (R) Javed and Air Commodore (R) Mujtaba Jamal won the first, second and third net prizes, while the prizes for first, second and third gross went to Wing Commander (R) Abdul Naffay, Wing Commander (R) Parvez Saeed Mir and Air Vice Marshal (R) Shahid Nisar respectively.
He said Marshal Fahim was a friend of his who devoted his entire life to combating the dark forces of extremism and terrorism that continue to threaten Afghanistan and its people.
As well as its real-life heroes, the US Marshals service has been immortalised in films like 1969's True Grit starring John Wayne as the one-eyed marshal Rooster Cogburn and in The Fugitive and US Marshals, both starring Tommy Lee Jones.
Air Chief Marshal Houston is attending his first Defence SA Advisory Board meeting today.
A spokeswoman said: "There are many different marshal roles to choose from.
But Councillor Michael Hudson led a call-in of the decision because the decision to extend the trial of taxi marshals was "unfair towards the private hire trade and fails to consider public safety and fails to consider the other options".
I am excited to be heading up the Volunteer Marshal operation for 2011," said Hoskins, a 17 handicapper and member of both Emirates Golf Club and Bearwood Lakes in England and a keen supporter of the Volunteer Marshal operation in both 2009 and 2010.
Highlights of the new features available in Mac Marshal
The transportation security administration in the US " is investigating this incident and working with the Indian government to ensure that the facts are thoroughly reviewed", air marshal spokesman Nelson Minerly said.
The marshals, from local firm Impact Security Solutions, are trained to deal with drunks and badly behaved party-goers.
According to the company, Sophos for Marshal, available as an add-on module to MailMarshal and WebMarshal, combines anti-malware solutions from Sophos and Marshal's content security products to provide more choice for the company's customers.