The octagon thus became adopted most especially for the ground plans of Christian martyria
such as Justinian's Church of San Vitale in Ravenna (526-547 C.
For the various types of martyria
and examples of them, see Baldwin Smith, The Dome, chap.
See Ion Bria, "Introduction," in Martyria
Mission: The Witness of the Orthodox Churches Today, ed.
23) Christians located martyria
at burial sites of saints, and from the second century Christians were traveling to Palestine to visit biblical sites.
Like Pym's catalogues of nouns and his use of martyria
, epicrisis adds to the sense of verisimilitude in Pym - the impression that Pym's antarctic voyage was fact and not fiction, and that Pym, with the crew of the Jane Guy, really did go beyond previous explorers toward the South Pole.
Ecumenical dialogue serves not only the unity of churches as an end in itself, but also the renewal of the whole process of ecclesial life as a spiritual community and as a living diaconal martyria
in the midst of the reborn world.
Although the practice of martyria
(beating witness) is central to evangelical living, there is one important caveat: in out emerging cultural context today, one must earn the right to speak the good news of Jesus Christ to another.
16) See John Paul II, Apostolic Letter for the Fourth Centenary of the Union of Brest, November 12, 1995: "Real, if imperfect communion, already present between Catholics and Orthodox in their ecclesial life, reaches perfection in all that we 'consider the highest point of the life of grace, martyria
unto death, the truest communion possible with Christ who shed his Blood, and by that sacrifice brings near those who once were far off (cf.
There exists a voluminous discussion of the form-critical characteristics of this material, which is often divided into subcategories such as Acta, Passiones, and Martyria
2) In its expression of transformation, martyria
serves the church as a confession of faith, an essential action in which the normative ecclesial rule, lex credendi, is grounded.
Our faithful pursuit will be the model of koinonia, diakonia and martyria
for a generation seeking to articulate the meaning of their faith within the web.
A helpful discussion of the development of martyria
, as well as the advance of a wider sacred topography, is R.