mass number(redirected from mass numbers)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to mass numbers: Isotopes, atomic number 100, Atomic numbers
mass number,often represented by the symbol A, the total number of nucleons (neutrons and protons) in the nucleus of an atomatom
[Gr.,=uncuttable (indivisible)], basic unit of matter; more properly, the smallest unit of a chemical element having the properties of that element. Structure of the Atom
..... Click the link for more information. . All atoms of a chemical elementelement,
in chemistry, a substance that cannot be decomposed into simpler substances by chemical means. A substance such as a compound can be decomposed into its constituent elements by means of a chemical reaction, but no further simplification can be achieved.
..... Click the link for more information. have the same atomic number (number of protons in the nucleus) but may have different mass numbers (from having different numbers of neutrons in the nucleus). Atoms of an element with the same mass number make up an isotopeisotope
, in chemistry and physics, one of two or more atoms having the same atomic number but differing in atomic weight and mass number. The concept of isotope was introduced by F.
..... Click the link for more information. of the element. Different isotopes of the same element cannot have the same mass number, but isotopes of different elements often do have the same mass number, e.g., carbon-14 (6 protons and 8 neutrons) and nitrogen-14 (7 protons and 7 neutrons).
The mass number A of an atom is the total number of its nuclear constituents, or nucleons, as the protons and neutrons are collectively called. The mass number is placed before and above the elemental symbol, thus 238U. The mass number gives a useful rough figure for the atomic mass; for example, 1H = 1.00814 atomic mass units (amu), 238U = 238.124 amu, and so on. See Atomic number
mass numberSymbol: A. The number of protons and neutrons (i.e. nucleons) in the nucleus of a particular atom. It is the number closest to the mass of a nuclide in atomic mass units, i.e. in units equal to 1/12 of the mass of a carbon-12 atom. See also atomic number.
the number of nucleons (protons and neutrons) in the atomic nucleus; designated by the letter A and usually indicated as a superscript to the left of the symbol of an element. The mass number and charge of a nucleus Z, expressed in units of elementary electric charge, determine the composition of the atomic nucleus: Z protons and (A — Z) neutrons. The mass of any atom, expressed in atomic mass units and rounded to the nearest whole number, is equal to its mass number.