mastaba


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Related to mastaba: Step pyramid, serdab, Hypostyle Hall

mastaba

(măs`təbə), in Egyptian architecture, a sepulchral structure built aboveground. The mastabas of the early dynastic period (3200–2680 B.C.), such as those of the I dynasty at Sakkara, were elaborate, having many storage or offering compartments, and were quite evidently close copies of contemporary houses. Better known are the mastabas of the Old Kingdom (2680–2181 B.C.), which were an elaboration of the predynastic burial-pit and mound form. The typical mastaba was generally rectangular in plan with a flat roof and inward-sloping walls, built of brick and faced with limestone slabs.

Mastaba

A freestanding tomb found in ancient Egypt, consisting of a rectangular superstructure with inclined sides, from which a shaft leads to underground burial chambers.

Mastaba

 

(Arabic, literally “stone bench”), the modern name for ancient Egyptian tombs of the Protodynastic Period (c. 3000-2800 B.C.) and the Old Kingdom (c. 2800-2250 B.C.). A mastaba is a rectangular superstructure with sloping sides joined by a vertical shaft to an underground burial chamber with several rooms. The outer walls of mastabas of the Protodynastic Period were built of brick (First Dynasty) or stone (Second Dynasty) and were recessed and brightly painted (exemplified by the tomb of Queen Herneit in Saqqara).

In the mastabas of the Old Kingdom, the superstructure had a severe exterior with smooth walls and a complex interior layout, with halls, corridors, and storerooms (exemplified by the tomb of the royal treasurer Akhethotep and his son Ptahhotep in Saqqara, Fifth Dynasty). The inner chambers contained statues (repositories of the souls of the dead) and the walls were covered with reliefs and paintings.

REFERENCE

Vseobshchaia istoriia arkhitektury, vol. 1. Moscow, 1970.

mastaba

mastaba
A freestanding tomb used in ancient Egypt, consisting of a rectangular superstructure with inclined sides, from which a shaft leads to underground burial and offering chambers.

mastaba

, mastabah
a mudbrick superstructure above tombs in ancient Egypt from which the pyramid developed
References in periodicals archive ?
He revealed that the mummies, most of which had deteriorated to little more than skeletons, were found inside an 11-metre deep burial shaft excavated inside the Sennedjem mastaba.
The mastaba is one of the largest and probably the most complicated non-royal tomb of the Old Kingdom, says Krejci (Egyptology, Charles U.
Kaelin interprets Early Dynastic statues, door plaques, the omnipresent banquet scene, and other scenes carved on door plaques as elements of a funerary cult and compares them to the equipment of Egyptian mastaba tombs.
The morgue slab paradoxically engenders two sculptures that are light and fresh in aspect, while House, which was derived from a plain middle-class house, evoked a mausoleum, a kind of Egyptian mastaba.
Les cimetieres est ou ouest du mastaba de Khentika.
The richness of the text is illustrated by the concluding excursus, taking up the possibility that Neithhotep, owner of the Nagada mastaba, otherwise identified as an early consort and royal mother, was, rather, the son of Aha.
contributes an appendix on the biographical inscription from the Mastaba of Intef.
This mastaba has three sections: A, B, and C; and this first volume (of four planned volumes) examines section C.
36) from Mastaba K5 at Belt Khallaf is probably identical with the owner of the statues at Leiden and Paris that appear on pp.
An interesting feature of some of the reliefs in tombs 66 and 73 is their stylistic and decorative relationship to scenes in the mastaba tombs at Saqqara (pp.
If you are interested in museums, ancient tombs and culture then Giza, Saqqara and Luxor is your destination where you can enjoy ancient Egyptian royal mortuary and sacred structures, including the Great Sphinx, the Great Pyramids of Giza, a number of other large pyramids and temples, and Cairo's modern tower, including the world's oldest standing step pyramid, as well as a number of mastabas.
Instead of the spectacle of sunrise, there are mastabas and ripstop nylon, plus a whole new understanding of what makes for spectacle as well as when, where, and for whom.