mastectomy

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Related to mastectomies: total mastectomy

mastectomy

(măstĕk`təmē), surgical removal of breast tissue, usually done as treatment for breast cancercancer,
in medicine, common term for neoplasms, or tumors, that are malignant. Like benign tumors, malignant tumors do not respond to body mechanisms that limit cell growth.
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. There are many types of mastectomy. In general, the farther the cancer has spread, the more tissue is taken. The radical mastectomies of the past (which removed not only the breast, but underlying chest muscle and lymph nodes) have largely been replaced by less drastic, but equally effective procedures. For small tumors, lumpectomy, removing just the tumor and a margin of tissue, may be performed. A partial, or segmental, mastectomy removes the cancer, some breast tissue, the lining over the chest, and usually some lymph nodes from under the arm; total or simple mastectomy removes the whole breast; modified radical mastectomy takes the breast, lining over the chest muscles, and lymph nodes.

Breast reconstruction can be done using the patient's own tissue or breast implantsbreast implant,
saline- or silicone-filled prosthesis used after mastectomy as a part of the breast reconstruction process or used cosmetically to augment small breasts.
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. Mammograms and self-conducted breast exams have done much to reduce the need for radical procedures because they have increased early detection of the cancer, allowing it to be treated before it has spread.

mastectomy

[ma′stek·tə·mē]
(medicine)
Surgical removal of the breast. Also known as mammectomy.

mastectomy

the surgical removal of a breast
References in periodicals archive ?
The proportion of mastectomies performed on an outpatient basis increased from 3% in 1993 to 21% in 1999 and declined slightly thereafter; the proportion of BCS/LND performed in an outpatient setting increased from 49% in 1993 to 70% in 1998, then leveled off for a couple of years before rising to 78% in 2002 (results not shown).
Are Modified Radical Mastectomies Done for T1 Breast Cancers Because of Surgeon's Advice or Patient's Choice?
To sign up to receive more information about skin-sparing mastectomies, breast cancer survival or to make a donation to the Breast Preservation Foundation, please visit www.
Women who have mastectomies, I think, go through the same confidence-draining loss because what defines you as a woman is disappearing," she says.
But the results were even more promising in women over 50 whose survival odds were 19 per cent higher than those who had mastectomies.
He still works at Solihull Hospital but is no longer allowed to carry out "cleavage sparing" mastectomies.
Mr Paterson still works at Solihull Hospital, as well as practising privately in both Solihull and Birmingham, but is no longer allowed to carry out cleavage sparing mastectomies.
All prophylactic contralateral mastectomies were performed by surgeons whose practice was limited to breast cancer surgery.
Rural women with breast cancer are just as likely as their urban counterparts to get postsurgery radiation therapy, which contradicts the prevailing belief that mastectomies are more common in rural areas because access to radiation therapy is limited, based on the results of a study of almost 80,000 women.
We only do mastectomies when they're absolutely necessary.
Poorer women suffering from breast cancer may be having more 'unnecessary' mastectomies than the more affluent, according to University of Birmingham research.
Breast cancer sufferers throughout the world who have had false-negative scans are frequently advised to have mastectomies because of concerns that the tumour might recur but be difficult to detect by scanning in check-ups.