mastectomy


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Related to mastectomy: radical mastectomy

mastectomy

(măstĕk`təmē), surgical removal of breast tissue, usually done as treatment for breast cancercancer,
in medicine, common term for neoplasms, or tumors, that are malignant. Like benign tumors, malignant tumors do not respond to body mechanisms that limit cell growth.
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. There are many types of mastectomy. In general, the farther the cancer has spread, the more tissue is taken. The radical mastectomies of the past (which removed not only the breast, but underlying chest muscle and lymph nodes) have largely been replaced by less drastic, but equally effective procedures. For small tumors, lumpectomy, removing just the tumor and a margin of tissue, may be performed. A partial, or segmental, mastectomy removes the cancer, some breast tissue, the lining over the chest, and usually some lymph nodes from under the arm; total or simple mastectomy removes the whole breast; modified radical mastectomy takes the breast, lining over the chest muscles, and lymph nodes.

Breast reconstruction can be done using the patient's own tissue or breast implantsbreast implant,
saline- or silicone-filled prosthesis used after mastectomy as a part of the breast reconstruction process or used cosmetically to augment small breasts.
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. Mammograms and self-conducted breast exams have done much to reduce the need for radical procedures because they have increased early detection of the cancer, allowing it to be treated before it has spread.

mastectomy

[ma′stek·tə·mē]
(medicine)
Surgical removal of the breast. Also known as mammectomy.

mastectomy

the surgical removal of a breast
References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: Mastectomy and breast reconstruction rates, 2009-2014
Dr Dora Evangelidou from Cosme Surge, Emirates Hospital said: "Unfortunately, mastectomy is considered by most women a taboo subject as they view this as disfiguring or a loss of femininity.
More women are undergoing mastectomy and breast reconstruction to reduce their risk of familial breast cancer, based on detection of specific risk genes.
Traumatic neuroma: unusual benign lesion occurring in the mastectomy scar.
This article refers to acute pain resulting from a mastectomy and lasting three or fewer months.
In fact, studies suggest that women diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer in one breast who are treated with lumpectomy followed by radiation therapy have the same survival rates as women who are treated with double mastectomy.
In 1962, nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) or subcutaneous mastectomy wasfirst described by Freeman.
In contrast, the bilateral mastectomy group consisted primarily of non-Hispanic white women less than 40 years old with private insurance.
Also, a mastectomy is a major procedure that can require significant recovery time and may entail breast reconstruction, whereas a lumpectomy is much less invasive with a shorter recovery period.
Study leader Dr Sarah Hawley, from the University of Michigan, said: "Women appear to be using worry over cancer recurrence to choose contralateral prophylactic mastectomy.
Dr Jeremy Thomas, a consultant pathologist at the Western General Hospital in Edinburgh, said: "These two groups of women - those having a mastectomy after failed breast conservation and those having a mastectomy for tumours smaller than 20mm - accounted for 49% of all mastectomies.
12 February 2014 - A study, led by Canadian researchers, has found that women with early-stage breast cancer who have a BRCA gene mutation have a reduced risk of death if they undergo a double mastectomy, versus those with a single mastectomy, Medical News Today reported on Wednesday.