mastodon


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Related to mastodon: American mastodon

mastodon

(măs`tədŏn'), name for a number of prehistoric mammals of the extinct genus Mammut, from which modern elephants are believed to have developed. The earliest known forms lived in the Oligocene epoch in Africa. These were long-jawed mastodons about 4 1-2 ft (137 cm) high, with four tusks and a greatly elongated face. Their descendants in the Miocene epoch were the size of large elephants, the latest forms having long, flexible trunks, like those of elephants, and only two tusks. During Miocene times they spread over Europe, Asia, and North America. The mastodons were forest dwellers; they obtained their food by browsing and their teeth were more numerous and of a simpler form than those of the elephant. They were apparently extinct in the Old World by the early Pleistocene epoch but survived in North America until late Pleistocene times. They are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Proboscidae, family Mammutidae.

mastodon

[′mas·tə‚dän]
(paleontology)
A member of the Mastodontidae, especially the genus Mammut.

mastodon

similar to the elephant, the mastodon is now extinct. [Ecology: Hammond, 290]

mastodon

any extinct elephant-like proboscidean mammal of the genus Mammut (or Mastodon), common in Pliocene times
References in periodicals archive ?
Supersized mammals, such as mastodons and their mammoth relatives, thrived in the year-round cold, with temperatures low enough to keep snow from totally thawing in summer.
com/animal/saber-toothed-cat) enormous and sharp and used for stabbing and slashing at prey like the mastodon.
Fisher also took another look at the mastodon tusk that Dunbar had retrieved during the earlier excavations and found it displayed obvious signs of cutting created to remove the tusk from the skull.
If early humans really did smash those mastodon bones 130,000 years ago, scientists will have to rethink how humans came to the Americas.
Simply stated, Mastodon has become for some time now one of the crowning jewels of the Metal genre.
Underwater investigations of the site from 1983 to 1997 yielded eight stone artifacts and a mastodon tusk displaying parallel grooves possibly made by stone implements.
Third, if this tactic failed, just having the end zone turned into a 10-foot pit littered with mastodon bones would certainly prevent any opposing touchdown passes.
Mastodon are easily one of the greatest metal bands of this generation and show no signs of slowing down.
Mastodon, Newcastle O2 Academy MASTODON, on their Once More Round the Sun tour, arrived in Newcastle with an unrelenting 18-song set-list.
THOSE music fans whose tastes run the extreme end of the metal world will be interested to learn that Mastodon will be in action at the Newcastle O2 Academy on Tuesday, November 25.
RATING: 9/10 RATING: 9/10 MASTODON - Once More 'Round The Sun AS THE most acclaimed metal of this millennium, Mastodon face a mammoth task living up to their reputation for consistency in producing top quality albums.
On its recent single "High Road,'' the Grammy-nominated metal heavyweights Mastodon lays down an intricate sound that's both musically complex and primal.