match

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match,

small stick whose chemically coated tip bursts into flame when struck on a rough surface. Before the introduction of the match, fire was made by friction methods using the stick and the groove, the fire drill, or flint, tinder, and steel, or by employing a magnifying glass. Attempts in the 18th cent. to cause ignition by the use of chemicals resulted in a friction match devised in 1827 by an Englishman, the apothecary John Walker, and in a phosphorus match invented in France in 1831 by the French student Charles Sauria. In the United States a practical phosphorus match was patented in 1836. The safe, cheap modern match was made possible by mechanized large-scale manufacture and by the use of nontoxic chemicals, notably the sesquisulfide of phosphorus. In the safety match, invented in Sweden in 1855, an oxidizing agent on the match tip is ignited only when struck on a combustible material affixed to the matchbox.

Match

 

competition between two or more sportsmen or teams. Since the second half of the 19th century, traditional sports contests that are held regularly, for example, the cricket competitions between the teams of England and Australia, have been called matches. The term began to be widely used with this meaning in the mid-20th century, when competitions (such as in track and field, skating, and chess) between sportsmen from different countries became a traditional event, for example, the track and field matches between the USSR and the USA and speed-skating matches between the USSR and Norway.

In the late 19th century and the early 20th, competitions among individual sportsmen also came to be called matches, including those for the title of world champion in professional boxing and chess, and later such games as soccer, basketball, and hockey as well.


Match

 

a small wooden stick, usually of ash wood, with a head composed of a combustible substance and an oxidizing agent. (Matchsticks are sometimes made of cardboard.) The length of the wooden matchstick is usually 36 to 48 mm. Matchboxes contain 50 to 600 matches.

Matches that ignited from the friction caused by rubbing the match against any rough surface were first produced in the 1830’s. The composition of the match head included white phosphorus—a flammable and toxic substance. The first match factory in Russia was constructed in 1837 in St. Petersburg. Safety matches were first developed in Sweden in 1855 and, hence, were called Swedish matches. By the beginning of the 20th century, they had become the principal type of match.

A distinction is made between household and special-purpose matches. The composition of household match heads can include sulfur, potassium chlorate, potassium dichromate, pyrolusite, animal glue, and zinc oxide. Potassium chlorate, an oxidizing agent, produces combustion, and the glue binds the components of the match head together. Both the glue and the sulfur are combustible. The other components regulate the combustion processes and impart color to the head. The friction surface, usually placed on the side of the matchbox, can consist of, among other things, red phosphorus, antimony sulfide, chalk, and animal glue. Rubbing the head of the match along the friction surface causes the phosphorus, oxidized by the potassium chlorate, to ignite and kindle the sulfur.

Special-purpose matches are divided into wind, signal, and ignition matches. Wind matches have a large head whose composition is easily ignited and not extinguished by wind. Signal matches burn with a clear, colored flame (blue, green, yellow, or red). The heads of ignition matches are made of substance that upon combustion produces a high temperature. These matches are used for igniting thermal charges in welding under conditions in the field.

match

[mach]
(computer science)
A data-processing operation similar to a merge, except that instead of producing a sequence of items made up from the input sequences, the sequences are matched against each other on the basis of some key.
(engineering)
A charge of gunpowder put in a paper several inches long and used for igniting explosives.
A short flammable piece of wood, paper, or other material tipped with a combustible mixture that bursts into flame through friction.
(immunology)
To select blood donors whose erythrocytes are compatible with those of the recipient.
(mathematics)

match

In comparing two materials or constructions: an exact or approximate replication.

match

To compare. An equal comparison.
References in classic literature ?
I saw the most unimaginable things with the women, with the men, with parents, and with the sweet, matchless children; I saw," said the shadow, "what no human being must know, but what they would all so willingly know--what is bad in their neighbor.
Bareacres Castle was theirs, too, with all its costly pictures, furniture, and articles of vertu--the magnificent Vandykes; the noble Reynolds pictures; the Lawrence portraits, tawdry and beautiful, and, thirty years ago, deemed as precious as works of real genius; the matchless Dancing Nymph of Canova, for which Lady Bareacres had sat in her youth--Lady Bareacres splendid then, and radiant in wealth, rank, and beauty--a toothless, bald, old woman now--a mere rag of a former robe of state.
Let the kind, candid blue eyes meet yours, as they met mine, with the one matchless look which we both remember so well.
Mr Dorrit and his matchless castle were disembarked among the dirty white houses and dirtier felons of Civita Vecchia, and thence scrambled on to Rome as they could, through the filth that festered on the way.
Core commander Karachi, Lt-Gen Naveed Mukhtar said that the late Maryam set a matchless example for other daughters of the nation.
we are living as freemen due to matchless sacrifices of our ancestors
Fenwick decided to celebrate London Fashion Week with a window display dedicated to three of the best known names in British fashion - Matchless, Hunter and South Shields-based Barbour.
Amongst the bikes entered are iconic Manx Nortons, Matchless G50s, Seeleys, Triumph Tridents, BSA Rocket 3s, BSA Goldstars, P&M Kawasakis, Yamaha TZs, Ducatis from 250cc to 750cc, Hondas from 200cc to 900cc, and around 30 sidecar outfits.
Highlighting the exclusivity of this tradeA[degrees]in value offer, Ahmed Shariefi, general manager of Audi in Oman, said, "Our new tradeA[degrees]in campaign offers customers the opportunity to experience an allA[degrees]new Audi while at the same time ensuring that they receive a matchless tradeA[degrees]in value for their current vehicle.
Question time Q Are Matchless motorcycles still being made?
The copper will be extracted with the use of acid, unlike the flotation method used at Matchless and Otjihase mines.
At present, Weatherly has two producing copper mines in Namibia, Otjihase and Matchless.