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materials handling[mə′tir·ē·əlz ‚hand·liŋ]
The loading, moving, and unloading of materials. The hundreds of different ways of handling materials are generally classified according to the type of equipment used. For example, the International Materials Management Society has classified equipment as (1) conveyor, (2) cranes, elevators, and hoists, (3) positioning, weighing, and control equipment, (4) industrial vehicles, (5) motor vehicles, (6) railroad cars, (7) marine carriers, (8) aircraft, and (9) containers and supports. See Materials-handling equipment