matrilineal descent

matrilineal descent

or

uterine descent

(ANTHROPOLOGY) a UNILINEAL system of tracing DESCENT through females. This form of descent does not necessarily mean that women hold political or economic power; such a system would be called a MATRIARCHY. Early Victorian anthropologists suggested that this was the original form of descent, but it now appears that there is no evidence for this. The opposite is PATRILINEAL DESCENT.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, in all regions examined in this article, matrilineal descent groups are constituted around ancestral land, owned by corporate descent groups, but inherited through female lines, with overlapping rights of disposal vested in matrilineal kin groups.
Howitt and Fison (1883:34; 1885:144) grasped that there was tension or 'hostility' between matrilineal descent and patrilineal descent, although they set this out in speculative evolutionist terms and failed to link it to totemism and ritual practice across the board.
Akan influence is fairly strong among the Senoufo, some of whom have adopted matrilineal descent systems resembling that of the Akan .
According to traditional Jewish law, Judaism is passed down through matrilineal descent.
A haplogroup is a sequence of mtDNA passed down the maternal line from mother to daughter unchanged over the generations and according to traditional Jewish law, Judaism is passed down through matrilineal descent.
To be a valid marriage under Orthodox halacha--Jewish religious law--both parties must, among other things, be Jewish from matrilineal descent, a requirement that excludes many Russian, Ethiopian and other self-identified Israeli Jews.
national treasure Stephen Fry's admission of matrilineal descent that she allegedly started screaming: "He's a Jew
This status, according to the dictates of normative Jewish law, upholds matrilineal descent as the source of Jewish identity.
According to Hopkins, the area in southern Ghana is home to both the Ashanti and Ewe culture, and they practice matrilineal descent, which means children are more closely tied to their mothers rather than their fathers.
While the mediums worship the kings by offering their dancing under the main tent, two matrilineal descent groups chosen by the host mediums practice the cult rituals for their ancestor spirits under the shrines installed in the public square.
235)', which is outside standard anthropological practice, and he does not address in sufficient detail the system by which rights in land were transmitted from one generation to another (patrilineal or matrilineal descent, birthplace etc.
Their topics include Tipu Sultan's sons and images of paternalism in late 18th-century Romantic British art, how Blake rewrites Mary Wollstonecraft's Original Stories from Real Life, matrilineal descent in May Shelley's Proserpine, family systems theory and The Man of Fifty Years in Goethe's Wilhelm Meister's Journeyman Years, infancy and the reception of Wordsworth's "Ode," and Benjamin Franklin as founding father in his autobiography.