Family Law

(redirected from matrimonial law)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Wikipedia.

Family Law

 

the branch of Soviet law that regulates personal and property relations among husbands, wives, children, and other family members. Family relations are by law separate and independent of nonfamily property and personal relations, which are regulated by civil or other law. In family law, as opposed to civil law, many nonproperty relations are determining and property relations are derivative.

The objectives of family law are, among others, to strengthen the family based on the principles of communist morality; to build family relations on a voluntary marital union between a man and a woman, on feelings of mutual love, friendship, and respect among all family members without pecuniary considerations; to bring up children in a manner fully consistent with social upbringing, in a spirit of devotion to the homeland and with a communist attitude toward work; to protect the interests and rights of mothers and children by all possible means; and to ensure a happy childhood for every child.

The system of family law has a general part and a special part. The general part defines the subject matter and method of family-law regulation, the legal subjects and objects of family law, the rights and duties of family members, and family legal relations. The special part deals with several fundamental institutions—marriage, family, the rights and duties of spouses, the rights and duties of parents and children, the termination of marriage, adoption, and guardianship and curatorship over minors.

The fundamental principles of Soviet family law were laid down in the early legislative acts of the Soviet Republic. They include complete equality of man and woman in questions of marriage and family, state aid to the family, monogamy, and the exercise of parental rights exclusively in the best interests of children.

Family relations are regulated by the Basic Principles of Legislation on Marriage and the Family of the USSR and Union Republics, which were passed by the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on June 27, 1968, and which came into force on Oct. 1, 1968; they are also regulated by the Union republics’ codes on marriage and the family, which were adopted in 1969 and 1970 on the basis of the Basic Principles.

In other socialist countries, family law is also evolving as an independent branch of law.

In bourgeois states, family relations are regulated by civil legislation and, accordingly, are considered a part of civil law.

REFERENCES

Riasentsev, V. A. Semeinoepravo. Moscow, 1971.
Vorozheikin, E. M. Semeinye pravootnosheniia v SSSR. Moscow, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
These professionals understand how important it is that they be experienced and knowledgeable in matrimonial law, and they encourage the parties to have independent legal counsel participating in all aspects of the mediation.
Joseph Gitlin practices family law in Woodstock and is the author o f Gitlin on Divorce: A Guide to Illinois Matrimonial Law (LexisNexis).
Sheresky, Aronson and Mayefsky, LLP, a leading matrimonial law firm signed a new 10-year lease covering the entire 27th floor totaling 13,703 s/ f.
You need to see a solicitor specialising in matrimonial law to work out the details.
From my 39 years practicing matrimonial law, I find that many grievances are filed when one is angry.
We had been led to believe that, in the following year, John would be our instructor in Matrimonial Law.
How do we blend matrimonial law with succession law?
Chicago divorce lawyer, Carlton Marcyan, executive partner at the nation's largest matrimonial law firm, Schiller, DuCanto & Fleck, says this is especially true for individuals who are considering or have recently been divorced.
For more details on the issues raised by this article or to discuss any other aspect of family and matrimonial law, please get in touch.
McCaffrey frequently lectures on subjects relating to tax law, trusts and estates, foreign trusts and matrimonial law.
International matrimonial law expert Kevin Harris-James - one of the bestknown private client lawyers in Birmingham - has moved firms to join Stoke-on-Trent firm Beswicks.