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(məzûr`kə, –zo͝or`–), Polish national dance that spread to England and the United States at the beginning of the 19th cent. Danced by four or eight couples and characterized by stamping of the feet and clicking of the heels, it is in moderate triple meter and permits improvisation. ChopinChopin, Frédéric François
, 1810–49, composer for the piano, b. near Warsaw, of French and Polish parentage. His lyrical, often melancholy, compositions brought romantic piano music to unprecedented expressive heights.
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 composed more than 50 mazurkas for piano.



a Polish folk dance that originated among the Mazurs and later became a popular national dance. The mazurka has a quick tempo and is written in ¾ or ⅜ time. The music has syncopated rhythm, sharp leaps in the melody, and a capricious accentuation, with the accent often falling on the beats of the measure that are usually weak. It became a ballroom dance in the 19th century. The mazurka is danced by couples in a circle. Among the composers who were influenced by its rhythms were F. Chopin, S. Moniuszko, H. Wieniawski, M. I. Glinka, P. I. Tchaikovsky, and A. K. Glazunov.


Paskhalov, V. V. Shopen ipol’skaia narodnaia muzyka. Leningrad-Moscow, 1949.
Ivanovskii, N. P. Bal’nyi tanets XVI-XIX vv. Leningrad-Moscow, 1948.
Miketta, J. Mazurki. Kraków, 1949.


, mazourka
1. a Polish national dance in triple time
2. a piece of music composed for this dance
References in periodicals archive ?
Students progress to the Polish mazurka and the Hungarian czardas, and Italian, Gypsy, and "Oriental" (or Asian) styles.
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In Grosvenor's hands three of Scriabin's Op 3 Mazurkas and his Valse Op 38 showed that he composed more than Chopin-andwater - especially the teasing scherzo-like sixth mazurka.
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The vibrant blues and yellows of the Mazurka range from Topps Tiles should fit the bill, and they are pretty good value at pounds 7.
This marching song was, perversely, a mazurka in three-four time, and it was said that only the crazy Poles could actually march to what was effectively a quick waltz tempo.